Development policy is a whole-of-government and whole-of-society challenge. Austria’s development-policy positions are set out in its own Three-Year Programme. This is drafted together with representatives of non-governmental organisations, various federal ministries, parliament, business and industry and the scientific community as well as the Austrian Development Agency and policy is coordinated by the Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs (MFA).

Within MFA, Section VII - "Development" is responsible for the strategic alignment of Austrian Development Cooperation.

Other responsibilities are multilateral development cooperation and humanitarian aid.