Building drought resilience through land and water management, East Africa
The frequency of droughts in the Horn of Africa and in East Africa and their severe effects on household food security demonstrate that current adaptive and coping strategies require urgent strengthening. Interventions are needed that will help ensure that as climate change intensifies, vulnerable communities can not only adapt to and avoid disaster but achieve improvements in food and water security and well-being.
The project will demonstrate application of a framework for resilience in practice that is based on cohesive approaches to i) diversifying livelihoods and markets, ii) improving natural and engineered infrastructure around water points, iii) strengthening natural resource governance processes including water resource management and iv) sharing experiences and learning across sectors and governance levels.
The project focuses on the following expected results:
• The integrity and functioning of catchments are improved by implementing ecosystem-based actions that are gender sensitive and diversify livelihood assets.
• Capacity of traditional and formal resource management institutions to sustainably manage natural resources within a catchment area is improved.
• Knowledge and skills of local communities to implement adaptation, innovation and change within institutions are mobilized and improved.
• Greater coordination between multi-sectoral institutions improves harmonization of plans and interventions
• Awareness among policy makers on catchment management approaches to improving resilience and adaptation are increased through learning based on project experiences
The proposed project builds on existing initiatives being implemented by IUCN in Kenya (Lower Tana subcatchment), and Uganda (the Upper Aswa-Agago subcatchment) where 950.000 and 375.000 people respectively are affected.