Support to livelihoods of drought affected households and resilience building in Warder and Kebredahar woredas of Ethiopia's Somali Region
The overall objective is to strengthen the resilience of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities to reduce the impact of droughts and climate risks in Warder and Kebredehar woredas of Ehtiopia's Somali Region. To achieve this, the Project will adopt a two-pronged Approach: 1. Stabilisation of livelihoods most threatened by the current drought, 2. Enhancement of resilience for pastoral and agro-pastoralalists against disasters and climate variability. The first pillar will create the foundation for the long-term resilience building measures of the second pillar at the household and institutional levels as well as the ecology that the communities and their livelihoods depend on.
Output 1.1: Feed security and capacity of 1 500 livestock-dependent households to withstand current drought-induced livestock feed shortages are enhanced
Output 1.2: Capacity for improved animal health Service delivery System for the target woredas, zones and the Region enhanced
Output 2.1: Improved natural resources management and agricultural productivity on 20.000 ha through introduction of climate smart technologies
Output 2.2: Increased Food security and income of 1.500 women and youth Groups through diversification of improved livelihoods
Output 2.3: The capacity of regional and woreda institutions for climate and disaster risk reduction, adaptation, preparedness and response is enhanced
Target group / Beneficiaries
The Project will benefit a total of 125.400 (20.900 households) individuals in two of the worst drought-affected woredas of Somali Region. Of these households, 15 percent will be single female-headed. Project beneficiaries include vulnerable pastoral and agro-pastoral households, jobless individuals, internally displaced persons, individuals and groups who lost all or most of their herd, and/or are engaged in petty trade, produce and sale of charcoal, or those who rely on relief food aid for survival. This means that especially vulnerable persons, such as the sick, disabled, elderly, pregnant and lactating mothers and children will be among the target population. Improved access to water will benefit women and girls who often have to walk long distances to obtain water for their households, leaving them little time for income generating activities, skills learning or education.
The project will be implemented through a joint UN programming approach between FAO and UNDP; and in close collaboration and coordination with UNICEF. UNDP will be the lead implementing Partner coordinating the other Partner agencies. UNDP through its existing field-presence and a coordination office based in Jijiga in Somali Region, has established strong partnership with line ministries through implementation of recovery and resilience building initiatives.
The Project focus lies on pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in Warder and Kebredahar woredas (districts) located in two of the most severely drought-affected zones in the southern part of Somali Region: Dollo and Korahe.
The Project incorporates interconnected and complementary interventions to enhance the preparedness and resilience of the target groups. Building on the findings of a Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Needs Assessment, the Project activities address gaps in drought-preparedness (plans, early warning, storage structures, irrigation), service delivery (drinking water, veterinary Services), natural resource Management (water, land), and livelihood and income diversification (alternative non-livestock market opportunities).
As in many parts of Somali Region, Dollo and Korahe Zones have been repeatedly hit by climate-induced shocks, most notably recurrent droughts. Over the years, the drought cycles have become shorter with a corresponding increase in severity. In the recent protracted drought, which spanned three consecutive years (2015, 2016 and parts of 2017), Dollo and Korahe zones were designated top priority hotspot areas for humanitarian response. Being an arid and semi-arid area, it is characterized by high temperatures and low and erratic rainfall. Livestock production (camel, cattle and small ruminants) is the principal livelihood for most of the resident population, while a small proportion of households practice crop farming during favourable seasons. Agro-pastoral households who normally supplement livestock feed with home-grown cereals have not been able to harvest any crops due to the extended drought. This has led to the depletion of livelihood assets and extreme food insecurity resulting in internal displacement and a sharp increase in the population requiring humanitarian assistance. The crisis in Dollo has caused large-scale displacement, with around 90 000 people residing in 35 Internally Displaced Person camps. As a result of protracted drought, which has led to scarcity of feed and water for livestock, Dollo, Korahe and the adjoining zones in the Somali Region have lost over two million heads of livestock (over 10 percent of the livestock population in the region).The vulnerability of the local population to the climate-induced natural disasters is further exacerbated by pervasive natural resource degradation making the scarcity of livestock feed and water a chronic problem. The main contributing factors include the weakening of the traditional system of natural resources administration, years of mismanagement, the rapid spread of invasive woody plant species and the absence of capacity at the grassroots level to contain periodic feed deficits. Likewise, morbidity and mortality of livestock in the drought-affected areas have soared due to weak animal health delivery Systems.