Beitrag zum Arbeitsprogramm 2017-2018 des OECD-Ausschuss für Entwicklungshilfe (DAC)
The 2017-2018 Programme of Work and Budget (PWB) of the DAC will strive to help member states and their partners maximise the impact of their development co-operation in support of the 2030 Agenda. It focuses on the DAC's comparative advantage and internationally recognised niche: the reporting, analysis, and promotion of financing for development; the review of development co-operation programmes, policies, and practices; and the provision of good development practice to enhance the quality and effectiveness of co-operation.
The 2017-2018 PWB is structured to leverage the DAC’s comparative advantage by focusing specifically on four Output Areas:
(1) Effective financing for sustainable development results in developing countries;
(2) Effective development co-operation through reviews and evidence;
(3) Effective development co-operation, policies and dialogue for sustainable development;
(4) Partnerships for the global development co-operation architecture.
The DAC’s PWB is a common service of collective benefit to the 29 DAC members and to the international development community writ large, with top publication downloads of flagship publications such as the annual Development Co-operation Report estimated at 30.000 downloads for the year 2016.
(1) Flagship publications such as the annual Development Co-operation Report, Aid for Trade at a Glance, States of Fragility Report, and Financial pathways towards the 2030 Agenda;
(2) Statistics on financing for development and strengthened international standards on measuring and monitoring development finance (ODA and TOSSD), including through engagement with stakeholders beyond OECD membership;
(3) DAC peer reviews;
(4) Policy guidance and tools for tracking and strengthening finance and actions to implement the Rio Conventions and the 2030 Agenda;
(5) Policy reviews and guidance on supporting implementation of SDG16 in developing countries; report and policy recommendation on curbing global bads for developing countries (corruption and illicit financial flows);
(6) Policy guidance on implementing the SDGs for women and girls (women's economic empowerment; gender and fragile states);
(7) Political engagement, analysis and evidence, guidance notes on global commitments to "leave no one behind" in fragile, at-risk and crisis affected contexts;
(8) Seminars, policy dialogues and reviews on good development co-operation practices for providers of development co-operation beyond the Committee’s membership;
(9) Multi-stakeholder platform monitoring the effectiveness of development co-operation and providing evidence-based analyses to support mutual accountability and policy dialogue;
(10) A multi-stakeholder platform bringing together fragile states, donor countries and civil society to collectively foster and provide evidence-based analysis on the effective implementation of the New Deal in fragile and conflict affected countries;
(11) DAC guidance on donor support to civil society and a strategy for engaging with civil society.
Delivering on the promise of the 2030 agenda will require addressing a number of interlinked, global challenges. Evolving global dynamics threaten to reverse economic, social, and environmental gains and outpace the rate of development progress. Poverty persists in many middle- and low-income countries and is increasingly concentrated in fragile states: today, the 50 economies on the 2015 fragile states list are home to 43% of people living on less than USD 1.25/day – and by 2030, the concentration could be 62%. The dividends of growth are not shared equally in many countries, further marginalising the most disadvantaged in society. Gender inequalities remain prevalent and persistent across virtually all regions and sectors, with stagnation and even regression in some contexts. Recurrent crises and internal conflicts in places with deep pockets of poverty underscore the interdependence of security, peace, and development. These dynamics also give rise to people fleeing conflict, persecution, or poverty. Climate change affects all but disproportionally so the poorest on the planet. These are complex global challenges that affect us all. And global challenges require concerted action.
The OECD’s Action Plan on the SDGs spells out what the OECD will do to help countries at all levels of development – members and non-members alike – to achieve the SDGs. The Action Plan, which was presented at the 2016 OECD Ministerial Council Meeting, comes at a time when the Organisation is analysing how best to organise its Development Cluster to respond to the evolving needs of its member states and the global community. In parallel, the DAC is undergoing an In-Depth Evaluation and embarking on a process to enhance its representativeness and maximise its relevance and impact so as to better support sustainable development efforts. At every level, the OECD is adapting to the new realities of the 2030 Agenda. The DAC has a specific and crucial contribution to make to the OECD's Action Plan on the SDGs: more and better development co-operation – the DAC’s primary objective and the yardstick by which its impact is ultimately measured – will be an essential enabler for achieving Agenda 2030. Official Development Assistance (ODA) will retain a critical role in delivering the SDGs, especially for countries most in need. The DAC has been and will remain the internationally recognised custodian of ODA measurement and will play a leading role in supporting the international community's efforts to develop and implement the Total Official Support for Sustainable Development (TOSSD) measurement framework. All of the DAC's data, tools, policy work, platforms, and partnerships can make an important contribution towards ensuring that the increasingly diverse package of financing for development delivers the greatest impact for the poorest people at the least cost to the environment.
The Austrian Development Cooperation supports the 2017-2018 PWB with a voluntary contribution of EUR 400.000,00 in order to strengthen the DAC’s effort for the 2030 Agenda. Austria further contributes particularly through its active involvement in several working parties of the DAC (Environet, Gendernet, INCAF, Govnet, Statistics and Evaluation) to the development, promotion and implementation of effective development co-operation policies.