Beitrag zum Arbeitsprogramm 2019-2020 des OECD-Ausschuss für Entwicklungshilfe (DAC)
The 2019-2020 Programme of Work and Budget (PWB) of the DAC will strive to help member states and their partners to implement the DAC’s new vision and mandate, while at the same time analyzing and responding to changes in the development landscape as well as to risks and opportunities that the current and emerging megatrends present. It focuses on the DAC's comparative advantage and internationally recognised niche: the reporting, analysis, and promotion of financing for development; the review of development co-operation programmes, policies, and practices; and the provision of good development practice to enhance the quality and effectiveness of co-operation.
The 2019-2020 PWB is structured to leverage the DAC’s comparative advantage by focusing specifically on four output areas:
(1) Effective financing for sustainable development results in developing countries;
(2) Effective development co-operation through reviews and evidence;
(3) Effective development co-operation, policies and dialogue for sustainable development;
(4) Partnerships for the global development co-operation architecture.
The PWB outputs are targeted at the national and regional decisions makers in development policy. This primarily includes ministerial departments and development cooperation agencies of the DAC member states as well as multilateral organisations and international civil society organisations. As such, the DAC’s PWB is a common service of collective benefit to the 36 DAC members and to the international development community writ large, with top publication downloads of flagship publications such as the annual Development Co-operation Report. According to the number of downloads estimated, at least 30.000 people will benefit.
Ad ER 1 Effective financing for sustainable development results in developing countries
1) Defining measurement standards (ODA, TOSSD-Total Official Support for Sustainable Development and Private Finance), TOSSD Reporting Directives, up to 6 statistical peer reviews, methods to measure philanthropy for SDGs, methods for increased synergy between Rio Conventions
2) Provision of high quality and quantity of data and monitoring of pledges on development finance
3) Flagship Reports (Global Outlook on Financing for Development), SIDS Report and Policy papers (including on oceans) , report on multilateral development finance and 2 Untying of Aid Reports, 2 PF4SD Conferences, evidence, analysis and auidance on promoting public-private financing for low carbon and resilient sustainable infrastructure and energy
AD ER 2) Effective development co-operation through reviews and evidence
4) At least 10 DAC Peer Reviews (PR) including the PR of Austria in 2019
5) Evalnet Peer Exchange, Adapted DAC Evaluation Criteria, 4 Results Community WS;6 evidence based analytical reports (Results Community)
6) 2 SDG related development reports
7) Aid for Trade Report and max.8 policy briefs on megatrends for development cooperation.
AD ER 3 Effective development co-operation, policies and dialogue for sustainable development
8) Govnet policy network
9) Gendernet policy network
10) INCAF policy network, 1 States of Fragility Report and 7 humanitarian impact surveys
11) Environet policy Network.
AD ER 4 Partnerships for the global development co-operation architecture
12) 1 Global Monitoring Report on effective development cooperation
13) Effective Institutions Platform (optional)
14) International Dialogue on peacebuilding & statebuilding (optional)
15) Dialogue with and reports on countries applying to join DAC as members or associates/participants triangular cooperation policy dialogue, max 4 meetings and up to 3 evidence papers.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable recognises that the development of all countries is interlinked and that safeguarding global and regional public goods (e.g., the environment and security) is essential to enable prosperity for all. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are intended to engage all citizens, in every country, to deliver on a transformative vision for humanity's future and on the 2030 Agenda's pledge to "leave no one behind". Development co-operation is essential but it needs to adapt to the new set of universal challenges – especially as they manifest themselves in developing countries most in need – and to the expanding array of actors. The smart use of aid continues to be necessary to directly support countries and groups of people who risk being left behind for reasons of inequality, discrimination, fragility, or climate effects. Policy analysis will be developed, resources will be allocated and special attention will be given to support least developed countries, low-income countries, small island developing states, land-locked developing countries and fragile and conflict-affected contexts identifying where ODA is most needed and where additional actions may be required. At the same time, for more advanced developing countries, smart aid should seek to bolster human and institutional capacity toward ending the need for aid. In fact, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda recognised that "international public finance plays an important role in complementing the efforts of countries to mobilize public resources domestically, especially in the poorest and most vulnerable countries with limited domestic resources". Aid can mobilise and leverage more resources through a growing menu of financing options and ensure that developing countries achieve strategic development results. Since the private sector provides the lion's share of GDP, capital flows, and jobs in developing countries, public–private dialogues should be strengthened and expanded to build self-reliance in financing sustainable development, protect global public goods, and create more resilient societies that reduce income and gender inequalities and provide greater access to financing. This includes discussions in the DAC how to better integrate gender equality and LGBTQI in policy work.
The DAC, with DCD support, serves as a unique space for policy dialogue, evidence gathering and analysis on managing for results and development finance, to hold members to account and promote transparency, to offer policy lessons, and to encourage and facilitate adaptation to the new landscape of development co-operation policies, actors, and opportunities. Greater inclusivity and strengthened partnerships should include partnerships at the city and regional level to "localise" the SDGs through, for example, decentralised development co-operation.
At its October 2017 High Level Meeting (HLM), the DAC agreed a new vision and proposed a mandate that position the Committee to respond most effectively to the new realities of development and development co-operation. This Transformation emphasises the DAC's core strengths, identified in the vision document [DAC/CHAIR(2017)1/REV4] as follows:
• "Being the guardian of the integrity and definition of ODA and monitoring its flows as well as other official and private flows;
• Setting standards for providers’ engagement in development co-operation;
• Serving as the forum for Members to hold each other to account for their development efforts; and
• Promoting the exchange of views, learning and co-ordination among Members on good practices in development co-operation."
Of particular concern is the trend of declining flows to LDCs and to Sub-Saharan Africa which must be carefully monitored to achieve the UN target of 0.15 – 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries. Strengthening development co-operation efforts for LDCs will be a matter dealt with in several output areas of this PWB that we will gather in a document to be presented, on a yearly basis, to the DAC.
The new mandate also states that the DAC "aims to be the preferred platform for all providers to monitor, measure, share lessons, and set policies to improve the quality, results and impact of development co-operation and stimulate mobilisation of resources for implementing the 2030 Agenda."
The Austrian Development Cooperation supports the 2019-2020 PWB with a voluntary contribution of EUR 430.000,00 in order to strengthen the DAC’s effort for the 2030 Agenda. Austria further contributes particularly through its active involvement in several working parties of the DAC (Environet, Gendernet, INCAF, Govnet, Statistics and Evaluation) to the development, promotion and implementation of effective development co-operation policies.