Contribution to the ICRC 2015 Appeal for Ethiopia (Food Assistance Component)
The overall goal of the program is for civilians to be respected and protected in accordance with humanitarian principles and, where applicable, international humanitarian law. The ICRC and Ethiopian Red Cross Society contribute to building civilians’ resilience to the effects of conflict and violence, particularly in areas affected by border tensions between Eritrea and Ethiopia (North Afar and Tigray) and in areas hosting refugees.
To help vulnerable households become more resilient to the effects of conflict/violence the ICRC and Ethiopian Red Cross Society aims at strengthening the economic security of the affected people. The intended results of the overall economic security assistance include: - improved living conditions of vulnerable households; - restored/boosted food production to 75% of pre-crisis levels for households hosting refugees; - have 200 head of households able to cover at least 75% of average house-hold expenses.
With the Austrian contribution of EUR 250,000, the ICRC, together with the Ethiopian Red Cross Society will be able to distribute
• 94’931 kg Bean seeds and
• 95’000 kg rice seeds.
to around 9,000 households (54,000 people) who are then able to improve and restore food production.
These people are mainly South Sudanese refugees as well as communities hosting refugees in Ethiopia and vulnerable population in country
With this food assistance, the vulnerable households are enabled to produce at least 75% of the pre-crisis amount.
People affected by instability in neighbouring countries have crossed over into Ethiopia: in Benishangul Gumuz, refugees from Sudan; in Gambella, refugees from South Sudan; in Oromia, people fleeing intercommunal violence in Kenya; and in Tigray, refugees from Eritrea. Intercommunal clashes in Oromia have also forced thousands of Ethiopians to seek shelter elsewhere in the region.
According to the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), Gambella currently hosts 199,000 South Sudanese refugees who fled to Ethiopia after fighting broke out in South Sudan in 2013. Around 3,000 of these refugees are sheltered in neighbouring Benishangul-Gumuz region.