Contribution to the UNHCR Afghanistan Program 2010
The humanitarian aid measures under this grant are financed from the Austrian Foreign Disaster Aid Fund.
The return of more than 5 million refugees since 2002 has increased the estimated population of Afghanistan by over 20 %. This level of return has put a strain on receiving communities struggling to cope with already limited resources and a volatile security environment.
The management of migration has already superseded refugees and IDPs as the pre-eminent population movement challenge in Afghanistan.
UNHCR works to address the main needs of returnees, which are for shelter, water and livelihoods support, as well as to support receiving communities and the Afghan authorities.
Main objectives of the UNHCR program include (but are not limited to):
" Strengthening the ability of the Afghan authorities to respond to displacement within, to and from the country.
" Support returnees, IDPs and Refugees reintegration through a community-based approach that includes shelter, water and livelihoods activities such as transport and reintegration cash grants and income-generating activities.
" Facilitating the voluntary return of Afghans, mainly from Pakistan and Iran (2.7 million Afghan refugees registered there by the end of 2009) and supporting their reintegration.
According to its current 2 year plan for Afghanistan, in 2010 - 2011 UNHCR aims to assist a total of 280.000 returnees, IDPs and a small number of refugees (mainly from Iran, Iraq and Pakistan), in Afghanistan.