Contribution to WFP's Yemen Interim Country Strategic Plan 2019-2020
The overall goal of WFP's program in Yemen is to contribute to the humanitarian and resilience efforts of humanitarian and development partners in Yemen and to counter the risk of famine.
• Food-insecure people affected by crises across Yemen have access to life-saving, safe and nutritious food all year long.
• People at risk of malnutrition across Yemen, especially pregnant and lactating women and girls and children under 5 years old, have reduced levels of malnutrition by 2020.
• Vulnerable households across Yemen have access to equitable social safety nets and basic services during and in the aftermath of crises.
• International and national partners are supported in their efforts to assist people in Yemen and preserve critical services.
The contribution of EUR 1 million from Austria will enable WFP to assist 95,830 affected beneficiaries with relief food assistance in the form of commodity vouchers for one month.
WFP works with national institutions (such as the Ministry of Public Health and Population), United Nations agencies (such as UNHCR, WHO, FAO and UNICEF), and international and local NGOs.
WFP provides commodity-vouchers through traders networks in 8 different governorates throughout the country- Al Hudaydah, Sana’a, Mareb, Dhamar, Taizz, Sana’a City and Lahj.
Key activities of the WFP program in Yemen:
1. WFP will provide life-saving food assistance to severely food-insecure households.
2. WFP will provide nutrition assistance to treat and prevent malnutrition.
3. WFP will provide conditional cash assistance to support access to nutrition and health services.
4. WFP will provide school meals to increase the food intake and school attendance of primary school-age children
5. WFP will support community infrastructure rehabilitation and livelihoods through food assistance for assets
6. WFP will provide humanitarian air services through the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS). UNHAS provides safe and reliable air transport services and standby capacity for the evacuation of humanitarian staff if required.
7. WFP will lead the logistics cluster. The logistics cluster fills logistics gaps, facilitates access to a common services platform and enables over 60 organizations to conduct their activities in Yemen.
8. WFP will lead the Emergency telecommunications cluster (ETC). Based on agency needs, the ETC provides secure telecommunications support, internet hubs, connectivity and related services, technical support, and oversight of IT infrastructure on demand as well as IT infrastructure for the cholera response.
9. WFP will provide on-demand services to partner agencies (WHO, UNICEF, NGOs, etc.), including by managing a revolving fuel facility to provide fuel to partners, hospitals and water treatment plants, and constructing diarrhoea treatment centres as part of the cholera response.
Yemen’s political instability broke out in 2011. The situation escalated into armed conflict in September 2014 and became a full-fledged war by March 2015. Three million people have been internally displaced, 21 percent of whom are men, 23 percent women, 28 percent boys and 27 percent girls. Yemen also hosts 280,000 refugees mainly from Somalia and Ethiopia. The crisis worsened in November 2017 with the outbreak of fighting in Sana’a and a temporary blockade on the Red Sea ports, which triggered shortages and price hikes of food and fuel.
The conflict has taken its toll on the people of Yemen, crippling the delivery of basic services such as health, education and social safety nets. The protracted crisis, coupled with pre-existing structural issues such as widespread poverty, has exposed large segments of the Yemeni population to unprecedented levels of food insecurity, malnutrition and disease. By early 2018, the number of Yemenis in need of humanitarian assistance had climbed to 22.2 million people – around 75 percent of the population, with approximately equal numbers of women, men, girls and boys. Of this number, 11.3 million are considered to be in urgent need of life-saving assistance, and 107 of Yemen’s 333 districts are considered to be at high risk of famine.
Yemen will continue to need significant support to avert famine, to stem the loss of livelihoods and to return to pre-crisis development levels, which were already low: Yemen ranked 168th of 188 countries in the 2016 Human Development Index.