Humanitarian Assistance and Protection Activities in Northern Uganda 2007
The security situation for the population of northern Uganda improved in the first half of 2006, with a decreased number of attacks on IDP camps by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) and fewer violations of international humanitarian law or human rights by either the LRA or government forces. Progress was made during peace talks in southern Sudan, and a ceasefire was agreed in August 2006. In response to these developments, some of northern Uganda's approximately 1.8 million IDPs began to move away from the main camps towards new, smaller satellite camps closer to their places of origin, in order to access agricultural land and eventually move home.
The humanitarian assistance and protection needs of the displaced population, whether in central or satellite camps, remain substantial. In 2007, the ICRC will tailor its programme of integrated protection and assistance activities to meet the changing needs of the population of the Gulu, Kitgum and Pader districts. The majority of the population in the affected areas still face threats to their security, have limited access to basic goods and services and enjoy few economic opportunities.
The Austrian contribution will enable material assistance to people affected by the conflict in the north and east and ensure access to adequate food, water, sanitation and basic health care. People separated from their families by conflict both inside Uganda and in neighbouring countries will be able to re-establish and maintain links with relatives within the country and abroad. Children, including demobilized child soldiers, will be reunited with their families, when appropriate. Detainees falling within the ICRC's mandate will receive ICRC visits conducted according to its standard procedures. Patients requiring medical and surgical treatment will be provided with access to adequate care in existing hospitals.