Assistance Activities in Pakistan - South Asia Earthquake 2005
More than 85,000 people are reported dead, and tens of thousands more wounded as a result of the earthquake of 8 October 2005 in northern Pakistan and India. Many villages in Pakistan were razed, and health-care facilities and water systems were destroyed. In isolated valleys where road access has been cut off, people are still in desperate need of medical care. Grave concern remains about their ability to survive the cold weather, rain and snow in the upcoming winter.
In the health-care sector, the Austrian contribution assists the provision of surgical, medical, paediatric, and obstetric/gynaecological care in a 100-bed field hospital in Muzaffarabad, and
emergency repairs to help 15 health facilities restore their function to an acceptable level.
In terms of support to civilian population, the ICRC plans to meet the basic needs of 150,000 earthquake survivors (30,000 households) in Muzaffarabad and Neelum and Jhelum valleys. Health units in four locations will first concentrate on first aid/triage of the wounded, and then on primary care for the whole population. Tents, food, and vital necessities will also be distributed. Engineering staff will work to provide water and sanitation facilities in areas where other activities are under way, and in additional urban areas. With the Austrian contribution, the ICRC specifically plans to:
- run 4 basic health units with the help of the Finnish, German, Japanese and Norwegian Red Cross Societies;
- distribute full monthly food rations to 145,000 people;
- provide meals to 5,000 people through a kitchen programme;
- distribute 30,000 tents, kitchen sets and stoves, 120,000 blankets, 60,000 jerry cans, 150,000 sets of clothes, as well as bedding, lanterns and other vital goods to earthquake survivors;
- restore 10 urban water production and distribution systems, and provide water authorities with pumps, pipes, and other materials to repair others.