Emergency Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Support to Vulnerable Earthquake Affected Communities in Nepal
The overall goal of the action is to improve the quality of life for vulnerable communities in Nepal affected by the 2015 Earthquake by ensuring access to safe drinking water and increased dignity. The more specific goal is to improve access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services and facilities among earthquake affected communities in Gorkha district.
There are two expected results for this action:
- Improved sustainable water supply for households in targeted communities through repair/rehabilitation of water distribution systems.
- Improved access and awareness for women and girls to adequate hygiene materials and sanitation facilities.
The ADA funded action will be implemented in Gorkha district North West of Kathmandu where the epicentre of the earthquake on the 25th April was. More specifically in the two very remote Village Development Committees (VDCs; lowest administration body in Nepal) Barpak and Gumda.
The action targets the whole population of Barpak and Gumda (2.025 households (HH) /9.376 individuals) trough various activities: 2.025 HHs in both VDCs will benefit from Hygiene promotion. Out of that total target group 1.380 HHs in Barpak will have access to safe water i.e. will have their water distribution system rehabilitated; 750 especially vulnerable HHs from both Barpak and Gumda will benefit from dignity kits and 100 especially HHs from both VDCs will benefit from construction of latrines.
The goals of this action will be reached though the repair and rehabilitation of the water supply scheme in Barpak as well as trough the construction of latrines, distribution of dignity kits for women and trough community based hygiene promotion in both VDCs.
On 25th April 2015, Nepal was hit by a 7.8 magnitude earthquake causing massive destruction of private and public infrastructure, injury, and loss of life. The National Seismological Centre has recorded as many as 346 aftershocks with a magnitude of 4 or greater, including a 7.3 magnitude earthquake on 12 May. As of 13 July the Government of Nepal (GoN) reported 8,897 lives lost, 22,309 persons injured, 602,257 homes destroyed and a further 285,099 partially damaged.