Restoration of Livelihoods and Social Assistance in Lebanon
The war between Israel and Hizbollah in 2006 has caused massive physical destruction of civilian infrastructure (eg. transportation networks, schools, hospitals, housing, businesses and trades), public services and utilities. Together with the total military blockade on the country by air, sea and land which continued even after the cessation of hostilities, the contamination of large swathes of productive agricultural land by UXO and the contamination of the sea and coast by the oil spill resulting from the bombardment of the Jiyeh plant, the war has devastated lives and livelihoods.
Notwithstanding the negative effects of the war on overall living standards in the country as a whole, the effects have been greatest on the poorest people in the poorest regions who have borne the brunt of the war's devastations, directly or indirectly. The areas that were most directly and indirectly affected by the conflict are the same as those that have historically witnessed the highest poverty incidence in the country, namely South Lebanon, the Beirut Southern Suburbs and the Bekaa; the indirect effects of the war on the economy will also exacerbate the conditions of extreme poverty in the north, particularly Akkar, Minyeh and Dinneyeh and, overall, increase the marginalization of a large segment of the population that is already living in difficult circumstances.
Against this backdrop, the overall objective of the project is to help affected communities advance out of post-war conflict poverty as rapidly as possible by providing support to revive local economies and rebuild livelihoods. The key outputs of the project include the following:
1. Provision of support to at least 200 war-affected Micro and Small Enterprises;
2. Provision of support to at least 100 war-affected small agricultural production facilities and small community agricultural infrastructure;
3. Provision of direct assistance to war injured population.