Support to the Research Agenda on Cluster Munitions
Because of their wide area effect, cluster munitions have a high likelihood of killing and injuring non-combatants when they are used in areas where civilians may be present. In addition, the large number of individual bomblets or submunitions used in an attack and the propensity for these submunitions not to function as intended leads to particularly dense and problematic contamination from unexploded ordnance (UXO).
The project promotes an evidence based approach to analysis of issues and the development of appropriate responses. A number of research gaps still remain regarding cluster munition impact and
significant questions also remain regarding how international legal mechanisms could be brought to bear on this problem (either in theory or in practice). A collection of interconnected research
projects, including a technical analysis of cluster munition contamination in Kosovo and Afghanistan, as well as an analysis of legal cases involving the use of cluster munitions, is designed to fill these research gaps and produce a strong foundation of evidence and argument from which concerned states and NGOs can work to better develop the protection afforded to civilians during conflict.