Ministries & OeEB
The Federal Ministry of Defence makes its contribution to Austrian Development Cooperation in keeping with the principle of coherence, as affirmed in the Federal Development Cooperation Act. Here, it focuses on conflict prevention, crisis management, peacebuilding and state building. As a member of the European Union and diverse international organisations, such as the United Nations, Austria also seeks to make its contribution to international commitments. Since 1960, more than 100,000 Austrian soldiers and civilian helpers have taken part in over 120 international peace support and humanitarian missions. Added to this are many bilateral and multilateral collaborations for capacity development in and with partner countries. Federal Ministry of Defence's aim is to make a sustainable contribution to security and development in neighbouring regions, where the Austrian Armed Forces operate as a major, reliable partner, as well as in humanitarian disaster relief missions.
Federal Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism
The Federal Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism is engaged at both national and international level in sustainable agriculture, forestry and water management. With information and awareness measures, it communicates these issues to the public. As part of a sustainable and environment-friendly agricultural and food policy, Federal Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism advocates fair production conditions and sustainable water resource use and seeks to improve food security in Austria and combat hunger throughout the world. In addition, it supports many sustainable projects in developing countries.
The Federal Ministry of the Interior is responsible for asylum issues at national level. Besides providing support to refugees in Austria as part of an agreement between the government and the federal states under Article 15a of the Constitution, another of its tasks is the administration and allocation of funds from the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF). With finance from this EU Fund, it can support projects for asylum seekers in Austria (e.g. psychological support or legal advice) or integration projects for third-country nationals with protected or non-refugee status (e.g. language courses or courses on values). As the delegated authority, the Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs is the Federal Ministry of the Interior's partner with responsibility for administering integration projects. A major focus of the measures under AMIF are projects to provide advice on opportunities for voluntary return and also for reintegration that help returnees to certain home countries to start a new, self-reliant life. In implementing reintegration measures, Austria, represented by the Federal Ministry of the Interior, is also a partner in the action programme, European Reintegration Network (ERIN), an association of several EU member states jointly engaged in carrying out reintegration projects in countries of origin.
The Three-Year Programme on Austrian development policy is drawn up by the Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs (FMEIA) in consultation with the Federal Ministry of Finance. In addition, FMF advances Austrian development and foreign trade policy interests in dealings with multilateral development banks and is responsible for the operations of the Oesterreichische Entwicklungsbank (Austrian Development Bank - OeEB). Capital contributions to the funds of the international financial institutions (IFIs) are financed from the FMF budget, as are payments for European Union (EU) development cooperation under the European Development Fund (EDF). Soft loans and internationally agreed debt relief measures as part of export loans under the Paris Club also fall under the purview of FMF, where these are eligible as official development assistance (ODA).
As well as being a separate goal of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which Austria is also committed to implement (Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all), education is essential for attaining all 17 Sustainability Development Goals.
The Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research is engaged in implementing the 2030 Agenda in Austria and also assists partner countries in educational collaborations where education and training play a key role for sustainable development, poverty reduction and social cohesion. All programmes abroad impart Austrian culture, but they also facilitate cultural exchange with reciprocal effects on the Austrian education landscape. Austria's education policy can also advance its economic interests and harness synergies via its schools abroad.
Teaching principles and educational issues, such as environmental education for sustainable development, political education, global learning and global citizenship education, etc. have also established sustainable development as a topic in everyday lessons for pupils: In a transformative educational approach, they acquire the necessary knowledge and learn suitable skills for sustainable development.
research for development
On behalf of Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research, the Commission for Development Research (KEF) at OeAD-GmbH makes a major contribution to furthering development research in Austria. Besides assisting research partnerships and problem-solving research projects between researchers from Austria and partners in developing countries, its key tasks also include advisory, informational and public relations work.
Since 2013, the Austrian Prize for Development Research has been awarded every other year by the Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research in cooperation with KEF.
Further information and current projects are available on the web pages of the Commission for Development Research.
Premised on the conviction that sustainable economic development is the cornerstone for growth and prosperity for all and is therefore the most effective way to reduce poverty, the Federal Ministry for Digital and Economic Affairs places the main thematic focus in its development cooperation measures on 'private sector and development'.
Austria's external trade policy statement, its national foreign trade strategy, identified 'a strategic partnership between external trade and development cooperation' as one of the ten major challenges and opportunities for a successful foreign trade policy to the mutual benefit of developing countries and Austrian businesses.
Federal Ministry for Digital and Economic Affairs' activities aim at improving the enabling environment for private-sector engagement in partner countries and facilitating more information exchange and closer cooperation between development cooperation and Austrian business and industry. That is why in 'private sector and development' it supports aid for trade measures to help developing countries participate in and gain access to the global trading system. To raise public awareness of how the private sector and development cooperation complement each other, redirect development cooperation more in a strategic and pro-business direction and enhance the enabling environment for entrepreneurship in this area, the Federal Ministry for Digital and Economic Affairs supports the CorporAID platform for business, development and global responsibility.
OESTERREICHISCHE ENTWICKLUNGSBANK (Austrian Development Bank)
The Oesterreichische Entwicklungsbank AG (Austrian Development Bank - OeEB) finances commercially viable projects in developing and emerging countries with a simultaneous major developmental benefit. OeEB is a subsidiary of the Oesterreichische Kontrollbank AG (Austrian Control Bank - OeKB), which accords it the status of a private financial institution with a public mandate and enables it to draw on the international know-how of the OeKB Group. It was founded in March 2008 and is a member of the Association of Bilateral European Development Finance Institutions (EDFI).
As a development bank, OeEB provides loan or equity capital finance on near-market terms and conditions for private investment projects in developing countries. Thanks to its special mandate, it can bear higher risks in individual transactions than commercial banks.
OeEB focuses on renewable energies and energy efficiency and on promoting economic growth in developing countries through micro, small and medium-sized enterprises.
Along with providing finance via equity capital investments or long-term loans, OeEB also awards grants for project support measures, such as studies and training. Funds are allocated for these so-called business advisory services to provide specific and practical support to projects/programmes of development-policy interest, which can also be eligible as ODA.
OeEB complements the Austrian Development Cooperation services of the Foreign Ministry and ADA. It also enables the implementation of collaborative projects in countries with no previous access to Austrian finance.