Vienna helps non-governmental organisations to carry out development projects in Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe. Project themes are based on the 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Assistance focuses on education, health and gender equality. Besides promoting development cooperation projects, Vienna also makes non-monetary, humanitarian aid donations to partner organisations in Eastern Europe. It also holds the annual Development Policy Conference in Vienna City Hall, which addresses both experts and the Viennese public alike. The City of Vienna also provides international relief in the event of disaster. As of 2017, the Municipal Department 27 for European Affairs (Administrative Group for International Affairs) is responsible for Vienna's development cooperation and humanitarian aid.


Development policy in the Federal State of Lower Austria is geared to the international Millennium Development Goals and the objectives of Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC). Lower Austrian development cooperation thus focuses on development education and public relations, the promotion of fair trade, the support of project partnerships and the subvention of the implementation of projects by non-governmental organisations and in case of need international disaster relief.
Since Lower Austria joined the Climate Alliance in 1993 and the Land and Soil Alliance in 2003 Lower Austria has been engaged in defending the interests of the indigenous partners on the Upper Rio Negro and project partners in Senegal. Furthermore it actively assists its municipalities in implementing the tasks of the Alliances. Since 2002, the developmental activities of the Federal State of Lower Austria have centred on promoting fair trade and introducing related products in its municipalities and enterprises and as of 2007 it pursues the development objectives of the Global Marshall Plan.


Sustainable Development Assistance is a key issue for the State of Burgenland to eradicate poverty and hunger around the globe. The State of Burgenland makes all reasonable efforts within its possibilities to foster projects by volunteers in less developed countries. Projects are supported if their overhead costs are low and if they strive forward to satisfy physiological and safety needs of people in less developed countries.


For over 40 years, the Federal State of Upper Austria has been involved in development cooperation to improve the local conditions of life for people in other nations and communicate these activities to the public. Every year, Upper Austrian development cooperation supports 100 projects run by organisations, associations and development aid workers in the state. The campaign, Fair Play, supports innovative ideas in Upper Austrian schools. Once or twice a year, the Federal State of Upper Austria holds a development-policy dialogue forum to present the work and projects to a broad public. Together with the Diocese of Linz, the federal state also awards the Eduard Ploier Prize for Development Cooperation and the Eduard Ploier Prize for Journalism every two years.


Major goals of Salzburg's development cooperation are the promotion of civil society for democratic, ecological and conflict-mitigating development and regional cooperation in the economic and social sector. Development cooperation in Salzburg focuses on the San Vicente region in El Salvador and Singida in Tanzania with 20 per cent of all development assistance earmarked for each in the federal state budget in agreement with the partner organisations in these countries. Another 20 per cent of total funds is allocated for education and information at home. On the recommendation of the Advisory Board for Development Policy, the Salzburg Regional Assembly decided on providing active support for the Climate Alliance, the Global Marshall Plan Initiative, the Millennium Development Goals and Fair Trade.


Since 1981, Styrian development cooperation has supported local groups that maintain personal contacts with other groups in developing countries. Joint projects are carried out based on the principles of partnership, sustainability and help towards self-help. Projects are selected to quality criteria on the recommendation of the Advisory Board for Development Cooperation, without any territorial limits. Styrian development cooperation sees its task as maintaining and linking the many, diverse groups engaged in development cooperation and supporting their largely voluntary work. About EUR 350,000 is earmarked every year for supporting its projects and raising awareness of development-policy issues in Styria. This enables the implementation of some forty projects worth a total of EUR 1 million.


For the Federal State of Carinthia, it is important that development cooperation projects have a bearing on the region and raise local awareness. They are also conceived as help towards self-help and take special account of the situation of women and youth. In 1991, the Carinthian Regional Assembly decided to appoint an Advisory Board for Development Policy for this. Twice a year as of 1993, this board discusses projects for promoting development cooperation financed from federal state funds.


The Federal State of Tyrol supports projects that contribute to improving the economic, social and cultural conditions of particularly underprivileged people in partner countries. Its basic goals are to reduce absolute poverty, improve educational infrastructure and medical care, ensure peace and good governance, protect the environment, promote global, equitable and sustainable economic development and create income opportunities as help towards self-help. Since women are agents of sustainable reforms in the countries of the South, their empowerment is another major goal of Tyrolean development cooperation. A second priority is development education work, where Tyrol promotes projects by non-governmental organisations and also holds the annual Tyrol Development Day with various cooperation partners to highlight current development-policy issues.


The main principle of development cooperation in the Federal State of Vorarlberg is help towards self-help, which also means respecting the cultural and economic self-determination of the target groups. Development actors in Vorarlberg are interlinked and supported. The principles of the Global Marshall Plan are communicated to a broad public and are integrated in the project work. The Vorarlberg Regional Assembly first earmarked funds for development cooperation in 1960. These are used to assist countries in the so-called Third World and since 1990 in Eastern Europe. The projects promoted are generally intended to meet basic human needs.


Austria's municipalities maintain cross-border partnerships to learn more about partner municipalities from other countries with similar concerns and to exchange experience. This tradition already goes back decades in Austria. Municipal and town twinning arrangements have also been promoted by the European Union since 1989. Most partnerships are forged with municipalities in the EU/Europe. Several hundred Austrian municipalities now maintain a partnership with counterparts in other countries.