Austria's Official Development Assistance
According the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Austria allocated 1.117 billion euros of official development assistance (ODA) in 2020. This equals 0.30 percent of Austria’s gross national income (GNI) and represents an increase of 14.3 million euros or 1.3 percent compared to the previous year. In 2019, Austria’s ODA payments amounted to 0.28 percent of Austria‘s GNI.
Austria’s ODA figures include all federal, state and municipal aid flows. All data is preliminary. Until the OECD has issued the final figures in June 2021, deviations may still occur.
DEVELOPMENT OF AUSTRIAN ODA
According to OECD’s preliminary data for 2020, Austria invested a total of 451.0 million euros in bilateral and 662.0 million euros in multilateral development assistance. The increase in bilateral aid from 399.0 million euros in 2019 to 451.0 million euros in 2020 is due to payments of ODA loans, debt reduction as well as increased net payments from ADA’s operational funds.
The decline in multilateral ODA from 699.6 million euros in 2019 to 662.0 million euros in 2020 can be explained by lower contributions to multilateral organisations such as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the Global Environment Facility or the Green Climate Fund. At the same time, multilateral contributions to the European Commission and the African Development Fund increased.
Switch to ODA grant equivalent
All data for 2020 is communicated on Grant Equivalent basis. In accordance with OECD criteria, ODA’s preliminary data take ODA-eligible loans to the private sector as well as payments for concessional loans to multilateral organisations into account.
To calculate rates of change on a consistent measurement basis, data from 2019 is also shown as Grant Equivalent and therefore differs slightly from the published data from the previous year.
ANNOUNCEMENT OF ODA
Each year, the OECD’s development assistance committee (DAC) releases ODA data of its member states based on their respective statistical reports. First trends of the past reporting year are published in spring. Final ODA figures will be documented in the OECD’s database as well as in the Austrian Development Cooperation’s ODA report towards the end of the year.
All data for 2020 are communicated on a grant equivalent basis. Since the grant equivalent has been used as the standard measure for statistical ODA reporting by the OECD/DAC since 2019 (for 2018 data), and in order to provide comparable figures, 2018 and 2019 data were recalculated on a grant equivalent basis. ODA loans to the private sector as well as equities continue to be reported on a net flow basis under the interim Private Sector Instruments (PSI) reporting directives. Until 2019 data, debt relief was also recorded on a net flow basis.