Addressing the IDP crisis in the Sahel and Centre-North regions of Burkina Faso for improved security and sustainable peacebuilding



Contract partner: UNICEF - United Nations Children's Fund - New YorkCountry: Burkina Faso Funding amount: € 1.400.000,00Project start: 01.04.2019End: 31.03.2020

Short Description:

Overall goal


This project contributes to improved access to water, sanitation, hygiene (WASH), protection and education (formal and non-formal) services for conflict-affected children, adolescents and their families including IDP and those from host communities.


Expected results


IDP and population in host communities including children and adolescent girls and boys have improved access to multi-sectoral emergency responses in protection, WASH, education and communication.


Target group / Beneficiaries


Of the total population in need of 1.47 million (OCHA, HNO Burkina Faso 2019), in line with the 2019 Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) for Burkina Faso, UNICEF plans to reach 977,900 emergency-affected population including 510,440 children (boys and girls) aged between 0-18 years.


In line with UNICEF's Humanitarian Action for Children 2019, Austria's contribution to UNICEF-Burkina Faso will directly benefit up to 44,500 IDP and population in host communities, including children and adolescent girls and boys with life-saving support in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), protection and education.

Interventions will also indirectly benefit 80,000 population including children and adolescents (at least 57% are 0-18 years old).


Activities


Activities may include:

1. Provision of emergency kits and cash transfer to the most vulnerable families (IDP) to enhance their protection.

2. Capacity development of community actors on child protection, gender-based parenting and prevention of family separation and violence against children.

3. Psycho-social services and psychological first aid to children affected by emergency through child-friendly centers

4. Identification and reunification of separated or unaccompanied children including an alternative care; and identification and referral of children affected by VAC

5. Communication interventions in communities to promote citizenship, peaceful co-existence and child protection, and peace building education to children.

6. Vocational training and literacy training with adolescents

7. Provision of water services through construction or rehabilitation of water points, water trucking and chlorination of water points/distribution of aqua tabs, and construction of emergency family or communal latrines, and hygiene promotion including provision of soap and menstrual hygiene kits.


Context


Since 2017, Burkina Faso, a landlocked country of West Africa, has been facing vulnerabilities including chronic food and nutrition insecurity, repeated or irregular floods and droughts, as well as deteriorating insecurity linked to violent extremist groups.

In 2018, the humanitarian situation in Burkina Faso has worsened due to repeated attacks by armed groups mainly in six regions and inter-communal conflicts starting early 2019. Between 2017 and 2018, the number of security incidents has almost doubled, increasing from 65 to 124 incidents. These attacks targeted security and defense forces and schools, killing 208 people in 2018 (OCHA, January 2019). Due to persisting insecurity, the number of schools closed has rapidly increased; as of 25 January, 952 primary and secondary schools were closed in five regions (East, Sahel, Centre-North, Boucle de Mouhoun and North), affecting, the right to education among 135,126 school children (63,227 girls). As of December 20, 47,029 IDPs and 23,928 refugees had been registered in the regions bordering Mali and Niger, of which 51% were women (OCHA, December 2018) and 57% were girls and boys between 0-18 years old.

The Government declared the Emergency status in 6 regions (Sahel, North, Centre-North, Hauts-Bassins, Boucle du Mouhoun and East regions) of the country at the end of December 2018 (extended until June 2019). Early January, an attack by armed groups on Yirgou village in Barsalogho municipality in the Centre-North region turned into intercommunal conflicts between Mossi and Fula communities. This new crisis has led to 15,000 new IDP in Sahel and Centre-Nord regions, in addition to 60,000 people internally displaced because of the insecurity crisis. A total of 75,000 IDP would need immediate humanitarian assistance, and the number continues to grow every week.

project number2682-00/2019
source of fundingAKF
sector Humanitäre Hilfe: Sofortmaßnahmen
tied
modalityContributions to specific-purpose programmes and funds managed by international organisations (multilateral, INGO)
marker Gender: 1, Poverty: 1
  • Policy marker: are used to identify, assess and facilitate the monitoring of activities in support of policy objectives concerning gender equality, aid to environment, participatory development/good governance, trade development and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. Activities targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions include the identification of biodiversity, climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and desertification.
    • 1= policy is a significant objective of the activity
    • 2= policy is the principal objective of the activity
  • Donor/ source of funding: The ADA is not only implementing projects and programmes of the Austrian Development Cooperation , but also projects funded from other sources and donors such as
    • AKF - Foreign Disaster Fund of the Austrian federal government
    • BMLFUW - Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
    • EU - Funds of the European Commission
    • Others - various other donors are listed in ADA’s annual business report.
  • Type of Aid – Aid modalities: classifies transfers from the donor to the first recipient of funds such as budget support, core contributions and pooled programmes and funds to CSOs and multilateral organisations, project-type interventions, experts and other technical assistance, scholarships and student costs in donor countries, debt relief, administrative costs and other in-donor expenditures.
  • Purpose/ sector code: classifies the specific area of the recipient’s economic or social structure, funded by a bilateral contribution.
  • Tied/Untied: Untied aid is defined as loans and grants whose proceeds are fully and freely available to finance procurement from all OECD countries and substantially all developing countries. Transactions are considered tied unless the donor has, at the time of the aid offer, clearly specified a range of countries eligible for procurement which meets the tests for “untied” aid.