Climate Smart Agriculture and Water in Sofala (CSAW Sofala)

Contract partner: NCBA CLUSA - National Cooperative Business Association CLUSA International Country: Mosambik Funding amount: € 1.460.150,00 Project start: 01.08.2020 End: 31.07.2024

Short Description:

Overall goal

The project aims to contribute to improved livelihoods of smallholder farmer families in Sofala province. This will be achieved through a nexus approach which links climate-smart agriculture, market access, and water and energy to increase productivity and improved access to water and sanitation in the districts of Buzi, Caia and Machanga.

Expected results

The two main outcomes of the Project are:

1) Enhanced food security and income generation from agriculture production in Buzi, Caia and Machanga districts: By adopting climate-smart agriculture, target farmers will increase their yields in a way that promotes the long-term sustainable management of natural resources and build resilience against future shocks. Increased yields will result in increased food security. As the project progresses, market-led production and increased market access activities will be introduced. Farmers will be supported in aggregating, storing, and adding value to products so that they can secure higher prices.

2) Increased inclusive and gender-equitable access to sustainable water infrastructure for human consumption and productive use in Buzi, Caia and Machanga Districts:

By improving community-based WASH infrastructure the availability of clean water for domestic use will be increased. Selected infrastructure will be upgraded to multi-use systems to provide more water for productive use. Training and institutional support to water management committees will improve communities’ capacity to manage water infrastructure.


Target group / Beneficiaries

7,800 people will directly benefit from project activities. This includes lead farmers, district staff providing agricultural extension services, lead farmers and smallholder farmers.

At Least 225 lead farmers and 5,625 smallholder farmers will benefit from WASH demonstrations. We anticipate that 75% of lead farmers will also demonstrate irrigation technologies on their demonstration fields or WASH techniques at their homes (for instance, through kitchen gardens using water re-use techniques and “tippy-tap” hand washing facilities).



1.) Provision of training, know-how and information to farmers that promotes sustainability and increased resilience to climate disasters and other shocks, focusing on Climate Smart Agriculture and efficient water use.

2.) Promotion of access to input and output markets and support farmers to increase value to produce.

3.) Installation, improvement, upscaling and Promotion of community level water and WASH infrastructure including small scale irrigation, and train citizens in its use.

4.) Strengthening capacities of water management committees and other structures to manage water infrastructure.

5.) Increased capacity of district staff to provide agricultural Extension services that improve production/productivity and promote inclusive, efficient water use for human use and agricultural/livestock production.

Additional activities based on 2022 cost extension:

6.) Select, multiply, and disseminate improved seed stocks of a selection of cash crops that can provide additional incomes to SHFs supported by the program. These inputs will be accompanied by robust technical assistance on improved production practices based on climate smart ag and off-taker linkages.

7.) Rehabilitate an additional six water infrastructures for animal use.

8.) Equip radio stations damaged by Idai with the necessary material to resume broadcasting and/or expand their broadcasting areas.


The Nexus Sofala project comes at a time when much of Sofala province, particularly Buzi district, is still reeling from the effects of Cyclone Idai, which bore down with full force over the central coast of Mozambique in early 2019. Climate-smart agriculture offers a pathway to sustainable intensification of agriculture and increased productivity, income and resilience for smallholder farm families.

Low capacity and poorly functioning extension systems fail to deliver quality inputs and services to rural farmers. Lessons learned suggest that multiple challenges, including distrust in new technologies and lack of access to inputs or markets for outputs, need to be addressed concurrently.


project number 2789-01/2019
source of funding OEZA
sector Landwirtschaft
modality Project-type interventions
marker Environment: 2, Climate change mitigation: 1, Climate change adaptation: 2, Biodiversity: 1, Desertification: 1, Gender: 1, Poverty: 1
  • Policy marker: are used to identify, assess and facilitate the monitoring of activities in support of policy objectives concerning gender equality, aid to environment, participatory development/good governance, trade development and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. Activities targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions include the identification of biodiversity, climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and desertification.
    • 1= policy is a significant objective of the activity
    • 2= policy is the principal objective of the activity
  • Donor/ source of funding: The ADA is not only implementing projects and programmes of the Austrian Development Cooperation , but also projects funded from other sources and donors such as
    • AKF - Foreign Disaster Fund of the Austrian federal government
    • BMLFUW - Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
    • EU - Funds of the European Commission
    • Others - various other donors are listed in ADA’s annual business report.
  • Type of Aid – Aid modalities: classifies transfers from the donor to the first recipient of funds such as budget support, core contributions and pooled programmes and funds to CSOs and multilateral organisations, project-type interventions, experts and other technical assistance, scholarships and student costs in donor countries, debt relief, administrative costs and other in-donor expenditures.
  • Purpose/ sector code: classifies the specific area of the recipient’s economic or social structure, funded by a bilateral contribution.
  • Tied/Untied: Untied aid is defined as loans and grants whose proceeds are fully and freely available to finance procurement from all OECD countries and substantially all developing countries. Transactions are considered tied unless the donor has, at the time of the aid offer, clearly specified a range of countries eligible for procurement which meets the tests for “untied” aid.