Contribution in support of UNHCR's activities in Iraq
Provide protection and promote self-reliance and coexistence for populations affected by military operations in and around Mosul.
UNHCR plans to expand its general protection monitoring and response capacity in areas affected by the Mosul emergency, with the deployment of a minimum of ten mobile protection monitoring teams. The teams will be deployed in camps and at reception centres, provided that access is granted. Austria’s contribution will help to support protection monitoring and legal assistance for 100,000 Internally Displaced People (IDPs.)
Target group / Beneficiaries
IDPs in Iraq - in particular 100,000 IDPs who had to leave Mosul. The program is directly implemented by UNHCR.
Austria’s contribution will help to support protection monitoring and legal assistance for 100,000 IDPs. Many of the displaced may face severe limitations on their freedom of movement. Protection priorities for IDPs focus on registration, legal services, and prevention of Sexual Gender Based Violence.To provide assistance to the most vulnerable, UNHCR programmes thus focus on support for documentation and registration of IDPs by the Government by enabling increased access to government assistance schemes. Identification of and assistance to vulnerable IDPs, including legal assistance, is carried out through the established Protection, Assistance and Re-integration Centres as well as mobile NGO monitoring and outreach teams at the household and individual level.
Operations in the Mosul region have already displaced 150,000 people, for whom UNHCR and partners are providing a response. The conflict has been characterized by widespread violations of human rights and humanitarian law, with civilians prevented from fleeing and, in some cases, used as human shields. The protection risks faced by those who stay in Mosul as well as those who flee are thus of serious concern. Risks of gender-based violence and child protection violations are heightened during displacement, including due to family separation during flight. Iraqi authorities face the dual challenge of receiving significant numbers of people in need of assistance while maintaining national security. Security screening procedures, if not managed in an accountable manner, increase the likelihood of protection violations.
UNHCR’s overall requirements to protect and assist IDPs in Iraq amount to $402.9 million, of which $196.2 million is required for the Mosul response.