Contribution to ICRC Appeal Africa Food Security Crisis 2022
The overall goal of the programme is to provide life-saving aid to communities most affected by food shortages and malnutrition as well as to pursue longer-term interventions that address the underlying causes of the crisis in ten countries across Africa (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Mauretania, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia and Sudan).
The ICRC aims to achieve the following results:
1) Food Consumption: Distributions of food assistance – including through vouchers or cash – are increased to allow affected populations in nine target countries to cover urgent needs and get them through the lean season. Additionally, increased provision of therapeutic food allows to extend the scale of treatment for malnourished children. (SDG Targets 2.1, 2.2)
2) Food Production: Distribution of seeds, farming tools and equipment, livestock fodder or vouchers will allow farming households in seven target countries to boost their food production. (SDG Target 2.3, 2.4)
3) Income Support Measures: Cash assistance programmes or cash-for-work projects are extended in scale and help additional households in four target countries to re-establish or boost their sources of income. (SDG Target 1.1-1.5)
4) Water and Habitat: Projects to upgrade water-supply infrastructure such as boreholes and irrigation systems, and provision of materials that secure household consumption and support agro-pastoralists in three target countries are scaled up. (SDG Target 6.1-6.4)
5) Health: Additional mobile health clinics that provide integrated health and nutrition services are deployed in one target country. (SDG target 3.1, 3.2, 3.4)
6) Medical Care: Physical rehabilitation and medical support activities continued in all target countries as per the original country appeals. (SDG target 3.1, 3.2, 3.4)
Target group / Beneficiaries
The Austrian contribution is earmarked for activities in six countries: Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Somalia and Sudan. It will enable the ICRC to reach 342,820 conflict affected individuals (civilians) in these countries. The total number of beneficiaries the whole programme aims to reach in the ten countries is 12,804,454 individuals and 396 health facilities and rehabilitation projects.
Local implementing partners: ICRC Missions in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Somalia and Sudan and Burkinabe Red Cross Society, Ethiopian Red Cross Society, Kenyan Red Cross Society, Mali Red Cross Society, Somali Red Crescent Society and Sudanese Red Crescent Society.
The following activities will be supported:
- provide one month’s supply of food or food parcels on a regular basis (to selected households), or cash to buy food items needed;
- distribute food including, but not limited to rice, beans, vegetable oil, pasta, maize, sugar, salt, nutrient supplement, cereal, powder milk, lentils, dates, tea, spices, wheat;
- support children and pregnant/lactating women at risk of malnutrition with supplementary food supply therapeutic food to health centres for treating malnourished children and pregnant or breastfeeding mothers.
- distribute seed, farming tools, fertilizer and equipment, livestock and/or fodder, or cash/vouchers for buying these, to farming and herding households to restore or boost food production;
- provide farming tools and seed for staple or vegetable crops, or cash to buy these items; and provide food rations to prevent the consumption of seed meant for planting;
- support the provision of veterinary services, or supplying fodder, for livestock and organize livestock-vaccination campaigns.
- give cash to victims of violence and others with protection-related concerns;
- train pregnant or lactating women and mothers of young children in good nutrition and give their families cash;
- give drought-affected farmers financial assistance to buy agricultural tools and supplies for growing food and for buying food during the lean season.
In 2022, a quarter of the African continent’s population, around 346 million people, are facing severe food insecurity, which is unprecedented in this intensity. The situation is attributed to a series of interlinking factors, such as a global increase in conflicts over scarce resources, the impact of climate change, rising food prices caused by COVID-19 and growing chronic poverty. In many countries, conflict and other forms of violence have disrupted people’s access to food, farmland, livelihoods, markets and essential services as well as destroyed water systems and health infrastructure. The people internally displaced by these factors have little to no resources to sustain themselves – at the same time resources are also dwindling in host communities who face increased pressure due to other factors. Amongst those are also climate related aspects, as shocks and irregular weather patterns have become more frequent and intense. Food suppliers will run even lower on stocks in the upcoming lean period before the harvest. The most vulnerable populations are often in the most remote and violence affected areas. The ICRC is therefore bolstering its multidisciplinary humanitarian response and scaling up its operations in ten countries that are currently most affected by food shortages and malnutrition.