Contribution to OCHA's South Sudan Programme 2023



Contract partner: UNOCHA - United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs - Switzerland Country: Südsudan Funding amount: € 1.000.000,00 Project start: 20.12.2023 End: 31.12.2024

Short Description:

Overall goal


The aim of OCHA in South Sudan is that interventions of humanitarian organizations that participate in OCHA-led coordination mechanisms is well coordinated and based on robust and timely evidence. Advocacy for humanitarian access, the respect of humanitarian principles and for the protection of people in need is effective.


Expected results


R1: A coherent humanitarian response that is people-centered, locally driven, and agile;

R2: Systematic and predictable leadership on access;

R3: Facilitating durable solutions to protracted internal displacement;

R4: A humanitarian response that leaves no-one behind;

R5: Catalytic humanitarian financing that delivers impact in people’s lives;

R6: Strategic foresight to adapt to an evolving landscape.


Target group / Beneficiaries


The number of indirect beneficiaries related to the Austrian funding should be all beneficiaries reached by implementing partners that benefit from OCHA’s activities. For this exercise, we will apportion proportionally based on the Austrian contribution towards the overall people targeted in the 2023 South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) based on OCHA’s funding requirement. The Austrian funding would therefore benefit roughly 549,000 people. The number of direct beneficiaries will stay in all the organizations who have projects in the HRP, and for all humanitarian partners who coordinate through the cluster approach.


Activities


- Support a coordination model that is relevant, inclusive, lighter, and more cost-effective;

- Provide monthly access reporting to provide a better understanding of access constraints and facilitate decision-making and negotiations and humanitarian partners in support of operations;

- Co-chair the Access Working Group, where partners can develop together coherent approaches to access; and policy expertise and advice to navigate operational dilemmas and challenges;

- Support needs analysis and operational capacity through timely coordinated responses;

- Produce key context updates highlighting key trends and developments in the context, ensuring the humanitarian response is adjusted, provided and coordinated according to changes in the operating context in a manner that ensures that no one is left behind;

- Through the Need Analysis Working Group (NAWG) compile needs analysis to inform and support ICCG decision-making and efforts for anticipatory and early action. The NAWG monthly analysis supports the monitoring of inter-sectoral needs at the country level and the impact of shocks;

- Promotes early and anticipatory action informed by a risk analysis for time-critical and critically enabling action by actors to mitigate and prevent suffering.


Context


The humanitarian situation in South Sudan is worsening. People’s humanitarian needs continue to rise, driven by cumulative and compounding effects of years of conflict, sub-national violence, food insecurity, climate crisis and public health challenges. An estimated 9.4 million people in South Sudan, including 2.2 million women, 4.9 million children and 337,000 refugees, are projected to need humanitarian assistance and protection services in 2023 – reflecting a 76 per cent of the country’s population and a 5 per cent increase from 2022. An additional 212,000 people are estimated to have humanitarian and/or protection needs in the Abyei Administrative Area, a disputed territory between Sudan and South Sudan.


With high levels of conflict-related sexual violence and gender-based violence, South Sudan remains one of the most severe protection crises in the world. South Sudan is also home to the world's fourth most neglected displacement crisis, with an estimated 2.2 million people displaced in the country, including over 36,000 people in the Malakal Protection of Civilians (PoC) site and the largest refugee crisis in Africa.


South Sudan ranks among the five countries in the world that are most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, as evidenced by communities devastated, destroyed and displaced by large-scale flooding across the country. Above-normal rainfall for the fourth consecutive year in 2022 led to erratic rainfall patterns and prolonged flooding, with water levels in some areas exceeding the unprecedented levels reached in 2021 and affecting areas that had not been flooded in 2021.


Humanitarian access to affected people remains a challenge in an already fragile context in South Sudan. South Sudan continues to be the most violent and dangerous context for aid workers. Between January and December 2022, an estimated 450 humanitarian access incidents were reported and nine humanitarian workers were killed in the line of duty. Physical access constraints, bureaucratic impediments, interference in recruitment and youth employment, illegal fees and taxations, conflict and intercommunal violence affect people’s access to services and the ability of humanitarian partners to reach the vulnerable people with much-needed life-saving assistance.

project number 2888-02/2023
source of funding AKF
sector Humanitäre Hilfe: Sofortmaßnahmen
tied
modality
marker Democracy: 1, Poverty: 1, Disaster risk reduction: 2
  • Policy marker: are used to identify, assess and facilitate the monitoring of activities in support of policy objectives concerning gender equality, aid to environment, participatory development/good governance, trade development and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. Activities targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions include the identification of biodiversity, climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and desertification.
    • 1= policy is a significant objective of the activity
    • 2= policy is the principal objective of the activity
  • Donor/ source of funding: The ADA is not only implementing projects and programmes of the Austrian Development Cooperation , but also projects funded from other sources and donors such as
    • AKF - Foreign Disaster Fund of the Austrian federal government
    • BMLFUW - Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
    • EU - Funds of the European Commission
    • Others - various other donors are listed in ADA’s annual business report.
  • Type of Aid – Aid modalities: classifies transfers from the donor to the first recipient of funds such as budget support, core contributions and pooled programmes and funds to CSOs and multilateral organisations, project-type interventions, experts and other technical assistance, scholarships and student costs in donor countries, debt relief, administrative costs and other in-donor expenditures.
  • Purpose/ sector code: classifies the specific area of the recipient’s economic or social structure, funded by a bilateral contribution.
  • Tied/Untied: Untied aid is defined as loans and grants whose proceeds are fully and freely available to finance procurement from all OECD countries and substantially all developing countries. Transactions are considered tied unless the donor has, at the time of the aid offer, clearly specified a range of countries eligible for procurement which meets the tests for “untied” aid.