Contribution to the ICRC Syria Appeal 2018



Contract partner: ICRC - International Committee of the Red Cross - SwitzerlandCountry: Syrien Funding amount: € 2.000.000,00Project start: 01.01.2018End: 31.12.2018

Short Description:

Overall goal


Vulnerable people affected by conflict and/or other situations of violence in Syria are able to meet their basic needs, notably regarding food/nutrition, access to water and sanitation facilities, and access to quality health-care services.


Expected results


The ICRC aims to achieve the following main targets per Assistance sub-programme for 2018:

- 4’473’000 vulnerable people, including IDPs, returnees and residents, can cover part of their dietary needs to help ease their situation

- 12’000’000 people have access to safe water supply

- 13’064’000 wounded and sick are able to obtain, if needed, appropriate treatment and services at hospitals supported by the ICRC


With the Austrian contribution of EUR 2'000'000, the ICRC will be able to reach the following results:

- 64'500 vulnerable people, including female headed households, cover part of their dietary needs

- 173'000 people have access to safe water supply

- 188'000 wounded, and sick - including victims of sexual violence and other abuses - can obtain appropriate health services if needed.

 


Target group / Beneficiaries


Target groups of the ICRC appeal under the Assistance section are:

• Civilians (People, who do not take part in fighting, including IDPs, returnees and vulnerable residents)


Other target groups of the ICRC Appeal for Syria are:

• Detainees (people, who are deprived of their freedom and are held by the Syrian Government or armed groups)

• Actors of influence (e.g parties to the conflict, religious leaders)

• Syrian Arab Red Crescent Society (SARC)


The ICRC implements the program in close cooperation with the Syrian Arab Red Crescent Society (SARC).


The ICRC has its main delegation in Damascus, and ICRC offices in Homs, Tartus and Aleppo. The targeted provinces of ICRC include Al-Sweida, Dara’a, Damascus, Homs, Tartus, Hama, Idleb and Aleppo.

 


Activities


Activities of the total assistance sub-programm include:

Economic Security:

? (on a monthly basis) distribute food parcels and donate hygiene parcels, school kits, winter clothes and other essentials to IDPs and returnees

? Provide up to 500 breadwinners – who are supporting 2500 people in all, with grants to start small businesses

? Donate seed and tools to around 25’000 heads of farming households (125’000 people in all) .


Water and Habitat:

• provide various local service providers with chemicals, spare parts and training for operating and maintaining water and sewage treatment plants serving up to 6,000,000 IDPs, residents and returnees

• work with these providers, including water and sewage boards, to implement specific projects for some of the beneficiaries mentioned above; in particular:

- upgrade water, waste-management and electrical systems and other communal infrastructure serving some 2,500,000 people

- to benefit some 60,000 IDPs and returnees, repair houses, shelters, water and sanitation facilities, and electrical systems, and organize water-trucking services

- renovate irrigation systems, bakeries and other infrastructure for producing or processing food that serve up to 500,000 people

- conduct vector-control activities and hygiene-promotion sessions in IDP camps

- during emergencies, repair water and waste-water installations, power lines and shelters

• upgrade water, waste-management and electrical infrastructure at up to 25 primary-health-care facilities (573 consultations daily per centre).


Health:

• provide medical supplies and equipment, staff training and financial assistance for up to 23 National Society fixed and mobile health units; distribute ad hoc material assistance to up to 12 other clinics

• organize training in treating non-communicable diseases, including diabetes, for doctors from up to ten primary-health-care facilities run by the health ministry in the Damascus region; donate essential drugs and medical equipment to these facilities

• hold information campaigns on preventing the spread of communicable diseases, such as leishmaniasis and cholera, for some 115,000 community members; alongside, provide them with bed nets

• be ready to distribute material assistance to health facilities during emergencies

 


Context


In the Syrian Arab Republic, the armed conflict between government forces and numerous armed groups continues, as does fighting among these factions. Government forces and third-party States also continue to carry out and/or support operations against the Islamic State group. Its military operations, combined with ceasefire agreements in certain areas, has enabled the government to regain control over some opposition-held parts of the country. In May, the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation and Turkey agreed to establish four “de-escalation zones” in key locations; and in July, the Russian Federation and the United States of America, together with Jordan, put in place a ceasefire in the south of the country. These efforts contributed to the reduction of violence in some governorates, although fighting persisted in several areas. The protracted violence continues to cause casualties and widespread destruction of essential facilities. The country’s economy, infrastructure and basic services are deteriorating under the weight of international sanctions. Arrests in connection with the conflict have continued under the authority of the Syrian government. Armed groups are reportedly holding people in relation to the hostilities. Internationally backed peace talks have made little progress in effecting a political solution to the crisis.

project number2694-01/2018
source of fundingAKF
sector Humanitäre Hilfe: Sofortmaßnahmen
tied
modalityContributions to specific-purpose programmes and funds managed by international organisations (multilateral, INGO)
marker Environment: 1, Poverty: 1
  • Policy marker: are used to identify, assess and facilitate the monitoring of activities in support of policy objectives concerning gender equality, aid to environment, participatory development/good governance, trade development and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. Activities targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions include the identification of biodiversity, climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and desertification.
    • 1= policy is a significant objective of the activity
    • 2= policy is the principal objective of the activity
  • Donor/ source of funding: The ADA is not only implementing projects and programmes of the Austrian Development Cooperation , but also projects funded from other sources and donors such as
    • AKF - Foreign Disaster Fund of the Austrian federal government
    • BMLFUW - Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
    • EU - Funds of the European Commission
    • Others - various other donors are listed in ADA’s annual business report.
  • Type of Aid – Aid modalities: classifies transfers from the donor to the first recipient of funds such as budget support, core contributions and pooled programmes and funds to CSOs and multilateral organisations, project-type interventions, experts and other technical assistance, scholarships and student costs in donor countries, debt relief, administrative costs and other in-donor expenditures.
  • Purpose/ sector code: classifies the specific area of the recipient’s economic or social structure, funded by a bilateral contribution.
  • Tied/Untied: Untied aid is defined as loans and grants whose proceeds are fully and freely available to finance procurement from all OECD countries and substantially all developing countries. Transactions are considered tied unless the donor has, at the time of the aid offer, clearly specified a range of countries eligible for procurement which meets the tests for “untied” aid.