Contribution to the ICRC Syria Appeal 2022



Contract partner: ICRC - International Committee of the Red Cross - Switzerland Country: Syrien Funding amount: € 2.000.000,00 Project start: 01.01.2022 End: 31.12.2022

Short Description:

Overall goal


Civilians are respected and protected in accordance with International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and other applicable law. They are able to meet their basic needs and can restore or preserve their livelihoods and have safe access to basic services.


Expected results


The ICRC aims to achieve the following results per Assistance sub-programme for 2022:

1. Food Consumption: Food intake is improved through provision of in-kind food distributions (including high-calorie supplements for children, pregnant women and other vulnerable groups) as well as cash or voucher assistance (where markets are functioning) for 777,000 people.

2. Food Production: Increased food availability through provision of livestock, seeds and other staples, livestock-vaccination services and specialized trainings for 1,391,900 individuals.

3. Income Support: Augmented income and/or strengthened livelihoods of 10,250 people from vulnerable households (returnee women, persons with disabilities, relatives of missing or detained people), achieved through provision of supplies and/ or cash grants for small businesses.

4. Living Conditions: Living conditions of 1,061,000 people from vulnerable households and those deprived of their freedom improved through provision of essential household items.

5. Water and Habitat: Improved access to water and sanitation infrastructure for 12,015,000 people through maintenance and rehabilitation of infrastructure, additionally improved WASH infrastructure that covers a total of 250 inpatient beds.

6. Health: Operation of 67 health facilities ensured through provision of medicines, personnel, equipment and other essential supplies, community campaigns and training activities.

7. Medical Care: Improved medical care through provision of equipment, medical supplies and medical courses to 27 hospitals.

8. Physical Rehabilitation: Physical Rehabilitation services are more widely available through provision of material to produce assistive devices, provision of trainings and material etc. to 8 projects.


Target group / Beneficiaries


With a contribution of EUR 2 Mio., the ICRC will be able to reach 139,500 individuals: 109,500 people will benefit from activities related to economic security, 30,500 people will benefit from activities related to water and habitat. The total number of beneficiaries the Assistance sub-programme aims to reach is 15,255,150 individuals.


Activities


The following activities will be supported with the Austrian contribution:

Economic Security:

- Monthly distributions of food parcels, including high-calorie supplements for children, pregnant women and other vulnerable groups;

- Supply collective kitchens providing hot, cooked meals to displaced people in camps;

- Provision of essential items to displaced people, returnees and others directly affected by the fighting, including blankets, mattresses, winter clothes, cooking utensils, jerrycans and other household necessities, school supplies, hygiene items, including items to protect against Covid-19 and diapers;

- Where feasible provide cash instead of material support.


Water and Habitat:

- Repairs of major pumping stations/ water-treatment plans, provision of spare parts and consumables, training of staff;

- Repair or upgrade public infrastructure (water and electrical networks);

- Additional activities depending on needs.


Context


Syria remains a complex humanitarian and protection emergency characterized by over 10 years of ongoing hostilities and their long-term consequences including widespread destruction of civilian infrastructure, explosive ordnance contamination and the largest number of internally displaced people in the world. 14.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Armed conflict continues in the Syria. The protracted violence, the deterioration situation in neighbouring Lebanon, fuel shortages, international sanctions and other circumstances strain Syria’s agricultural, economic, health and utilities sectors. Infrastructure serving millions of people is close to collapse because of damage caused by years of conflict and by a lack of maintenance, repairs and spare parts. Throughout the country, electricity is only available for a few hours a day.

Public services are not readily available to many conflict-affected people. Providers of water, electricity and subsidized bread struggle to meet the demands of residents, returnees and displaced people; many schools are damaged as well. Health facilities still in service are often unable to replenish vital supplies, maintain or repair imported equipment. People seeking or providing health care are sometimes attacked or obstructed by weapon bearers. Millions of people are unable to obtain essentials such as food, fuel and supplies for the winter; displaced people, many of whom are dependent on humanitarian aid, are particularly vulnerable.

project number 2694-02/2022
source of funding AKF
sector Humanitäre Hilfe: Sofortmaßnahmen
tied
modality
marker Gender: 1, Poverty: 1
  • Policy marker: are used to identify, assess and facilitate the monitoring of activities in support of policy objectives concerning gender equality, aid to environment, participatory development/good governance, trade development and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. Activities targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions include the identification of biodiversity, climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and desertification.
    • 1= policy is a significant objective of the activity
    • 2= policy is the principal objective of the activity
  • Donor/ source of funding: The ADA is not only implementing projects and programmes of the Austrian Development Cooperation , but also projects funded from other sources and donors such as
    • AKF - Foreign Disaster Fund of the Austrian federal government
    • BMLFUW - Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
    • EU - Funds of the European Commission
    • Others - various other donors are listed in ADA’s annual business report.
  • Type of Aid – Aid modalities: classifies transfers from the donor to the first recipient of funds such as budget support, core contributions and pooled programmes and funds to CSOs and multilateral organisations, project-type interventions, experts and other technical assistance, scholarships and student costs in donor countries, debt relief, administrative costs and other in-donor expenditures.
  • Purpose/ sector code: classifies the specific area of the recipient’s economic or social structure, funded by a bilateral contribution.
  • Tied/Untied: Untied aid is defined as loans and grants whose proceeds are fully and freely available to finance procurement from all OECD countries and substantially all developing countries. Transactions are considered tied unless the donor has, at the time of the aid offer, clearly specified a range of countries eligible for procurement which meets the tests for “untied” aid.