Contribution to the IFRC Türkiye Earthquake Appeal 2023
Most vulnerable people affected by the February 2023 Earthquake in Türkiye can meet their basic shelter, food/nutrition, water and sanitation and health-care needs.
- R1. Shelter, Housing and Settlements: Immediate and short- to mid-term shelter needs of the earthquake affected populations are met;
- R2. Livelihoods and Food Security: Provision of hot meals and livelihoods support to contribute to urgent and long-term recovery needs;
- R3. Multi-purpose Cash: Basic Needs of affected population are met through provision of multi-purpose cash assistance;
- R4. Health & Care: The earthquake affected population is enabled to protect their health through urgent health and care services, including mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS);
- R5. Water and Sanitation: Immediate reduction in risk of waterborne and water-related diseases in targeted communities;
- R6. Protection, Gender and Inclusion: Prevention, mitigation and response to protection, gender, inclusion and safeguarding threats of affected communities;
- R7. Community Engagement and Accountability: Community participation and communication support an understanding of community needs, priorities and context;
- R8. Risk Reduction, Climate adaption and Recovery: Reduction of the affected people’s vulnerability to future disasters and climate change impacts;
- R9. Environmental Sustainability: Environmental impact is reduced through greener supply chain practices, local procurement, waste management and recycling and environmental screening of longer-term interventions.
Target group / Beneficiaries
With the Austrian contribution of EUR 1 Mio., the IFRC will be able to reach approx. 33,900 people with integrated assistance and WASH activities to meet their basic needs (indicative).
The IFRC works closely with the IFRC Türkiye Delegation and Turkish Red Crescent (TRC) and carries out its activities in earthquake affected areas such as Kahramanmara?, Gaziantep, Hatay, Ad?yaman, Malatya, Osmaniye, Kilis, Adana, Sanliurfa and Diyarbakir. Additional areas will be selected based on monitored needs for people who have left or have been evacuated from the affected areas.
This contribution will be co-financed with additional funding from the Austrian Federal States in the amount of EUR 1 Mio.
With the contribution, the following activities can be carried out (not exclusive and potentially subject to change, depending on needs on the ground):
? Provision of winterized family tents, tarpaulins and/or prefabricated structures;
? Distribution of kitchen sets for families;
? Cash support in coordination with the existing TRC cash platform for the targeted affected population to address their post-earthquake short/longer term shelter needs and move towards early recovery;
? Coordinating with WASH sector for provision of WASH services in collective accommodation sites
? Assist in reinstatement of vital water supplies and waste systems;
? Hygiene promotion campaigns.
A magnitude 7.7 earthquake occurred in Türkiye at 4:17 am on 6 February 2023. An additional separate earthquake of 7.6 occurred at 1:24 pm the following day in the same region. The additional earthquake further exacerbated the situation and heavily impacted rural and hard-to-reach areas in the Toros mountains and inner Anatolia. Adiyaman, Hatay, Kahramanmaras, Gaziantep, and Malatya are reportedly hardest hit. An estimated one million people have left the affected area, including an estimated 528,100 people that have been evacuated by the government as of 24 February. Many displaced remain in makeshift shelters where public services are not accessible. A general lack of assistance is still reported in affected provinces.The earthquake has impacted critical infrastructure, damaging most airports in the region, although service for all airports was restored as of 12 February. Road closures hampered aid delivery and while most highways have now been cleared, secondary roads, particularly those in cities, still have significant access issues. Power outages and lack of access to safe drinking water access are still a major concern for the affected population one week after the earthquake. Significant numbers of medical service centres were affected, with 15 hospitals across 10 provinces damaged. The Earthquake struck a region that had been affected by a protracted humanitarian crisis since the start of the Syrian civil war in 2011. Türkiye is hosting over 4 million refugees, of whom around half lived in the southeast border region near Syria. These refugees are hosted by Türkiye under the temporary protection regime, which allows them residency in Türkiye and access to social services. Tensions between refugees and host communities have been rising before the earthquake, with the past three years representing a steady degradation of social cohesion in the affected areas.