CSOs for resilient ecosystem & community

Contract partner: ADRA - Adventistische Entwicklungs- und Katastrophenhilfe Österreich Country: Nepal Funding amount: € 55.600,00 Project start: 01.09.2023 End: 30.08.2027

Short Description:

Overall goal

Empowered CSOs and networks including those led by women engaged in conversation, sustainable utilization, and restoration of biodiversity and ecosystems in Banke and Bardiya districts of Lumbini Province.

Expected results

1. Forest User Groups (FUG) actively engaged in Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) practices in line with National Forest Stewardship Standards (NFSS);

2. Farmer groups implemented climate smart farming and wildlife resistant farming practices;

3. Green jobs (circular economy) created utilising natural resources and ecosystem services;

4. Policies, guidelines and plans at local level developed and implemented;

5. Knowledge generated and disseminated for wider environmental awareness.


Target group / Beneficiaries

11.200 direct beneficiaries from local communities;

Organised in 70 groups (50 forest user-groups, 20 farmers groups) from four local governments: Rapti Sonari Rural Municipality, Kohalpur Municipality of Banke district, Madhuban Municipality and Thakurbaba Municipality of Bardiya district.



• Organize Forest User Groups (FUG) and capacitate in institutional management;

• Implement sustainable forest and ecosystem management activities with improved knowledge and capacities of CSOs, and relevant stakeholders, and adoption of best practices;

• Organize farmers groups and capacitate in institutional management;

• Capacity building of farmer groups members on climate smart farming and/or wildlife resistant farming practices;

• Identify most promising forest and farm-based products and ecosystem services;

• Capacitate Community based Enterprises on proposal writing, enterprise development and business planning;

• Facilitate local governments in formulation of a)Local Forest Act, b) Wildlife Damage Relief and c)Strategic Plan on sustainable farm and forest management;

• Generate evidence and document lessons learnt on implementation of national policies on biodiversity, climate change and wildlife and international commitments;

• Create general awareness in biodiversity and environment among FUGs, women, youth and school children.



Nepal has developed institutional structures, plans, programs, implemented conservation and community benefit programs like community forestry, wildlife protection through national parks and conservation areas. However, in the current context of political transition of Nepal into a federal structure, lacking policy harmonisation, coordination between conservation as well as development and governance problems are major gaps in biodiversity conservation.

Despite tremendous contributions of CSOs to natural resource management and biodiversity conservation in Nepal, CSOs are facing challenges due to

i) technical capacity in forest- and group management and governance, revision and validity of operational management plans of groups;

ii) frequent change in policy (sometimes regressive) causing low access to resources and wildlife casualties. Forest user groups in the proposed geographical area are operating under different management regimes and governance structures.

The project areas lie within an ecologically sensitive region that is part of a global biodiversity hotspot. However, the natural resources of Banke and Bardiya district are severely affected by trafficking of endangered wildlife and plant species, flooding and river cutting, soil erosion and sedimentation. Intensive agriculture practice with haphazard use of chemical pesticides and synthetic fertilizers have created threats to agrobiodiversity. Rapid urbanization, illegal felling, logging and expansion of agricultural land has resulted in encroachment of natural wildlife habitats.

Many people’s livelihoods in Banke and Bardiya districts depends upon forests, thus, women and disadvantaged communities are heavily affected by biodiversity loss. Human wildlife conflict (HWC) is a serious challenge to wildlife conservation and aggravates the communication between conservation authorities and local communities. Current national policy and legal responses did not reduce wildlife conflicts.

Additionally, people living in buffer zones and forests close to national parks face further challenges since they belong to poor and marginalized parts of society including indigenous groups like Tharu, Majhi and Kumal. For them forest farm and forest products & services remain main sources of income.

project number 2325-06/2023
source of funding OEZA
sector Umweltschutz allgemein
modality Project-type interventions
marker Environment: 2, Climate change mitigation: 1, Climate change adaptation: 1, Biodiversity: 2, Gender: 1, Democracy: 1, Poverty: 1, Disaster risk reduction: 1
  • Policy marker: are used to identify, assess and facilitate the monitoring of activities in support of policy objectives concerning gender equality, aid to environment, participatory development/good governance, trade development and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. Activities targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions include the identification of biodiversity, climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and desertification.
    • 1= policy is a significant objective of the activity
    • 2= policy is the principal objective of the activity
  • Donor/ source of funding: The ADA is not only implementing projects and programmes of the Austrian Development Cooperation , but also projects funded from other sources and donors such as
    • AKF - Foreign Disaster Fund of the Austrian federal government
    • BMLFUW - Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
    • EU - Funds of the European Commission
    • Others - various other donors are listed in ADA’s annual business report.
  • Type of Aid – Aid modalities: classifies transfers from the donor to the first recipient of funds such as budget support, core contributions and pooled programmes and funds to CSOs and multilateral organisations, project-type interventions, experts and other technical assistance, scholarships and student costs in donor countries, debt relief, administrative costs and other in-donor expenditures.
  • Purpose/ sector code: classifies the specific area of the recipient’s economic or social structure, funded by a bilateral contribution.
  • Tied/Untied: Untied aid is defined as loans and grants whose proceeds are fully and freely available to finance procurement from all OECD countries and substantially all developing countries. Transactions are considered tied unless the donor has, at the time of the aid offer, clearly specified a range of countries eligible for procurement which meets the tests for “untied” aid.