IMO-III International Monitoring Operation - Phase III, EC funds
The project aims to increase the professional quality of judges and prosecutors, reduce the impact of organized crime, politics and corruption in the delivery of justice, and enhance the integrity and accountability of judiciary institutions. The overall objective of the project is to support Albania to enhance integrity, independence, and accountability of the justice system.
1. IMO reports to the European Commission, the EU Delegation to Tirana, and to the IMO Board in a timely and consistent manner.
2. IMO carries out its mandate in an efficient and consistent manner.
Target group / Beneficiaries
The target group includes, in total 805 Albanian judges and prosecutors who, based on the vetting law, are being re-evaluated on the basis of integrity, ethical background and professional competence. The vetting organs were able to re-evaluate about 450 Albanian judges and prosecutors by January 2023 (these cases are already finalized). During IMO III, the remaining 355 Albanian judges and prosecutors have yet to be re-evaluated. Indirect beneficiaries of the project are the Albanian citizens, who – as a consequence of the vetting process and the work of the IMO – will benefit from reduced levels of corruption within the justice system in Albania, which will ultimately restore public confidence and trust in the judiciary.
The IMO deploys International Observers to monitor the entire re-evaluation process, through a long-term operation that will last until all members of the judiciary in Albanian have undergone the transitional qualification assessment. Based on their Constitutional mandate, the Observers will monitor the vetting activities:
• Monitoring Investigations
• Monitoring of Hearings
• Recommendations to Appeal
• Formulation of Dissenting Opinions
• Monitoring of Appeals Procedures
The Albanian justice system is facing several challenges, such as integrity, independence, efficiency, accountability and transparency, which has resulted in a lack of public trust in the justice system. Albania therefore embarked on a major justice reform, whereby the existing challenges are being addressed through different interventions. One of the most important aspects is the re-evaluation of judges and prosecutors, known as the vetting process, aiming at freeing the judiciary and the prosecutor’s office from corrupted officials. To provide international support and an element of credibility for the vetting process, the International Monitoring Operation (IMO) was set up to monitor the entire process of the re-evaluation. The IMO is led by the European Commission (EC) and as IMO’s second phase (IMO II) is coming to an end in March 2023, both the EU and ADA support the continuation of the re-evaluation process under the third phase of IMO (IMO III).
This Delegated Cooperation project with the EU is co-funded by the Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC) with EUR 1,5 mio. (ADC project reference number 6548-01/2023).