Improving governance of protected areas in Moldova through institutional development, capacity development and habitat restoration
Increased effectiveness of protected areas in reducing biodiversity loss and achieving conservation outcomes through innovative governance models and sustainable management practices.
1. Improved integration of ecosystem services on the national and local levels;
2. The ecological capacity of landscapes in the Codrii nature reserve and Orhei and Lower Dniester National Parks enhanced, and the delivery of ecosystem services increased, providing healthy habitats for species and a healthy environment for local communities;
3. Improved capacity of protected areas' administrations for effective management;
4. The resilience of local communities and capacities of stakeholders, including men, women, and vulnerable groups in protected areas increased;
5. Role of women in protected areas’ governance and economic diversification in rural areas strengthened.
Target group / Beneficiaries
The project is expected to impact about 14,200 direct beneficiaries, including 14,000 direct rural beneficiaries (out of which about 7,500 women), with specific need in a healthy environment and accessing good social services and an additional 200 representatives of central, local authorities, protected area managers, business entities, scientific and research representatives.
The project will be implemented in three protected areas: Codrii nature reserve (Straseni district), the Orhei National Park (Orhei and Straseni districts) and the Lower Dniester National Park (Stefan-Voda and Causeni districts (right bank of the Dniester)) and Slobozia district (left bank of the Dniester) in the Republic of Moldova.
Some nature restoration measures will be implemented, based on the developed environmental baseline assessment reports for the target protected areas. The project will involve local communities into the process, work with them on the implementation of interventions to improve social infrastructure in the villages of the national parks in order to raise their resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change. A wide information campaign and capacity development programme will be conducted in order to raise the citizens’ awareness on protected areas’ management, biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation. Gender considerations will be fully integrated into the activities, women and vulnerable groups in the communities located in the three protected areas will be encouraged to participate in all processes on the local level.
The Republic of Moldova is highly vulnerable to climate change consequences. Considering that the majority of the population (around 60%) is concentrated in rural areas, mitigation and adaptation activities should also be focused on the rural areas. Key climate impacts derived from the climate change projections are expected to increase water scarcity (both for industrial and agricultural use), increased risk of food insecurity, and expatiation of drying forests.
Protected areas have an important role in biodiversity conservation and mitigation of climate change. The total coverage of protected areas in Moldova is 5.81% of the country’s territory, and the network is comprised of 33 protected sites. Currently, the legislation and policy documents do not embed the progress as new scientific information and evidence about biodiversity is obtained and how it is affected by various human activities, such as land use and habitat degradation, as well as natural factors, such as climate change.