IWAS Improving Water Supply Sustainability - Northern Uganda, Phase II

Contract partner: SNV - The Netherlands Development OrganisationCountry: Uganda Funding amount: € 643.500,00Project start: 01.01.2019End: 31.12.2021

Short Description:

Overall goal

The project will contribute to functioning, sustainable, safe rural water sources in 4 target districts in northern Uganda. The project is designed to operationalise and strengthen the Operation & Maintenance (O&M) system at both the district and sub-county levels while also increasing rural water source functionality.

Expected results

1. Strengthened political leadership that proactively supports the improvement of the functionality of rural water sources; through the allocation of financial resources, formulation of supportive polices (i.e. council resolutions), monitoring of project activities and enhancing the information flow between District Local Governments and beneficiary communities

2. Improved capacity of district and sub-county technical staff to operationalize, strengthen and monitor O&M system structures;

3. Strengthened and professionalise O&M institutional structures at community and sub-county level;

4. Enhanced private sector support to O&M and functionality (Hand Pump Mechanic Associations);

5. Improved learning and coordination on the O&M system at both district and national levels and

6. Institutionalised IWAS model within government performance assessment frameworks, recognition of the model by the Ministry of Water and Environment and adoption of the model by District Water Offices through a results-sharing and learning Agenda.


Target group / Beneficiaries

11. 212,500 water users (51% female) in 4 districts access previously non-functional water facilities and will have their facility routinely repaired or improved through better management.

2. At least 125 political leaders (district and sub-county executive members) in all 4 districts trained on their roles and responsibilities in improving sustainability of rural water services.

3. At least 35 district and sub-county technical staff in 4 districts supported to execute their roles in the O&M system with local communities.

4. 850 functioning water sources (with a specific focus on shallow wells, deep boreholes), each with a Water Source Committee; this includes the repair and maintenance of at least 250 new sources and WSCs that were previously non-functional.

5. New Sub-County Water Supply and Sanitation Supply Boards (SWSSBs) established and existing ones supported for consolidation.

6. One (1) Hand Pump Mechanic Association within each district will be supported in the development and implementation of business plans, including acquisition of contracts.

7. Four District Water and Sanitation Coordination Committees actively involved and harmonising approaches to strengthen O&M.

8. Involvement of Technical Working Groups at the national level.

9. A clear and effective results-sharing and learning agenda in place to support the institutionalisation, replication and scale of the IWAS model.

The 4 districts are: Lira, Alebtong, Dokolo and Kole



1. Deepening and Strengthening the IWAS Model

2. Expansion and Replication of the IWAS Model

3. Aligning and Embedding the IWAS Model



SNV Uganda implemented the Improving Water Supply Sustainability (IWAS) project from 2014-2017. Funded by the Austrian Development Agency (ADA), the project improved the functionality and sustainability of 600 rural water sources in Apac, Lira, Alebtong and Dokolo Districts in Northern Uganda. The intervention strengthened O&M systems for rural water sources at district, sub-county and community level and improved the functionality of existing boreholes through community and private sector coordination. The project introduced several sustainable institutional arrangements to realise these results and provide a proof of concept for the model, including establishing and strengthening the operational and technical capabilities of SWSSBs and Water Source Committees. It piloted a systemic preventive maintenance model that included support, training and development to Hand Pump Mechanics Associations, ultimately improving income for the private sector through secured service contracts and improved supply chain management. These efforts resulted in targeted households regularly accessing and utilizing improved, functioning rural water services for an average monthly contribution of UGX 1,000 per household, which funded private sector-driven O&M for local water sources.

The next phase of the intervention under IWAS-II will build on these successes and further strengthen O&M systems for rural water sources in districts, sub-counties and communities.

project number2744-00/2018
source of fundingOEZA
sector Wasserversorgung und sanitäre Einrichtungen
modalityProject-type interventions
marker Gender: 1
  • Policy marker: are used to identify, assess and facilitate the monitoring of activities in support of policy objectives concerning gender equality, aid to environment, participatory development/good governance, trade development and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. Activities targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions include the identification of biodiversity, climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and desertification.
    • 1= policy is a significant objective of the activity
    • 2= policy is the principal objective of the activity
  • Donor/ source of funding: The ADA is not only implementing projects and programmes of the Austrian Development Cooperation , but also projects funded from other sources and donors such as
    • AKF - Foreign Disaster Fund of the Austrian federal government
    • BMLFUW - Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
    • EU - Funds of the European Commission
    • Others - various other donors are listed in ADA’s annual business report.
  • Type of Aid – Aid modalities: classifies transfers from the donor to the first recipient of funds such as budget support, core contributions and pooled programmes and funds to CSOs and multilateral organisations, project-type interventions, experts and other technical assistance, scholarships and student costs in donor countries, debt relief, administrative costs and other in-donor expenditures.
  • Purpose/ sector code: classifies the specific area of the recipient’s economic or social structure, funded by a bilateral contribution.
  • Tied/Untied: Untied aid is defined as loans and grants whose proceeds are fully and freely available to finance procurement from all OECD countries and substantially all developing countries. Transactions are considered tied unless the donor has, at the time of the aid offer, clearly specified a range of countries eligible for procurement which meets the tests for “untied” aid.