Promotion of climate change and disaster risk reduction solution in the water and civil protection sectors for enhanced rural resilience



Contract partner: UNDP - United Nations Development Programme - MoldovaCountry: Moldau Funding amount: € 1.072.000,00Project start: 01.12.2018End: 31.03.2022

Short Description:

Overall goal


The project's intended impact will be: Improved resilience of rural communities’ livelihoods in the face of climate change.

The project's expected outcome will be: Strengthened local policies, capacities and infrastructure which enable climate and disaster resilient development at the community level.


Expected results


The project's expected outputs are:

Output 1: Adaptation interventions in the water sector for agricultural purposes and flood management demonstrated and local climate change related policy frameworks in place in a selected number of districts;

Output 2: Community-level climate and disaster management capacities improved for disaster risk reduction, prevention and timely Response.


Target group / Beneficiaries


The project aims to reach an estimated 7.350 direct beneficiaries including officials representing local public authorities, heads of public institutions and private sector including women; farmers (15 of which will benefit from water storage infrastructures); rescue and firefighting staff; vulnerable people; local residents including 50% women and vulnerable persons.


Activities


Under the first output the following major activities will be implemented: 1.1. Mainstream climate change adaptation and disaster risk management priorities into local development planning frameworks in a participatory and gender-sensitive manner; and 1.2. Pilot water storage infrastructures in 5 districts of the country to enhance adaptation to climate change in the water and agriculture sectors.

Under the second output the following major activities will be implemented: 2.1 Establish community-based rescue and firefighting brigades in the most vulnerable and risk exposed districts of the country; and 2.2 Conduct capacity development for climate and disaster response local teams and raise awareness towards building a culture of safer living.


Context


Considering its economic structure and geographic features, Moldova is highly vulnerable to climate change and is exposed to disasters due to the hydrometeorological phenomena and natural hazards. While drought is among top hydro-meteorological hazards caused by extreme weather and climate events, due to the abnormal high temperatures recorded lately the incidence of forest fires is increasingly posing a threat to the natural ecosystems and humans. In Moldova climate induced disasters are occurring more frequently and on a recurring basis, causing an average of 4 million US dollars per year of economic damage.

Between 1990 and 2015, Moldova experienced eleven droughts that caused significant yield declines in crops and pastures. Such an exposure is because of the country’s dependence on rain-fed agricultural production which is tied to climate, making it the most vulnerable of all economic sectors. This is primarily due to the shortage of water for agricultural needs and limited resources and capacities to plan and put in place water storage facilities for irrigation needs in rural communities of Moldova, especially that the climate projections show larger rainfall events in the future which could supply the facilities.

In 2008, floods from torrential rains caused 120 million USD in damage to houses, bridges and roads and flooded 7,500 hectares of agricultural land. While precipitation is expected to decrease by the 2040s, rainfall events are expected to be larger. Almost half of all Moldovan communities are located in flood-prone areas and approximately 45,000 ha (approximately 2% of agricultural land) have a history of being waterlogged.

Climate scenarios also indicate the country is trending strongly towards becoming more arid.

project number8364-00/2018
source of fundingOEZA
sector Wasserversorgung und sanitäre Einrichtungen
tied
modalityProject-type interventions
marker Environment: 2, Climate change adaptation: 2, Biodiversity: 1, Gender: 1, Democracy: 1, Poverty: 1
  • Policy marker: are used to identify, assess and facilitate the monitoring of activities in support of policy objectives concerning gender equality, aid to environment, participatory development/good governance, trade development and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. Activities targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions include the identification of biodiversity, climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and desertification.
    • 1= policy is a significant objective of the activity
    • 2= policy is the principal objective of the activity
  • Donor/ source of funding: The ADA is not only implementing projects and programmes of the Austrian Development Cooperation , but also projects funded from other sources and donors such as
    • AKF - Foreign Disaster Fund of the Austrian federal government
    • BMLFUW - Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
    • EU - Funds of the European Commission
    • Others - various other donors are listed in ADA’s annual business report.
  • Type of Aid – Aid modalities: classifies transfers from the donor to the first recipient of funds such as budget support, core contributions and pooled programmes and funds to CSOs and multilateral organisations, project-type interventions, experts and other technical assistance, scholarships and student costs in donor countries, debt relief, administrative costs and other in-donor expenditures.
  • Purpose/ sector code: classifies the specific area of the recipient’s economic or social structure, funded by a bilateral contribution.
  • Tied/Untied: Untied aid is defined as loans and grants whose proceeds are fully and freely available to finance procurement from all OECD countries and substantially all developing countries. Transactions are considered tied unless the donor has, at the time of the aid offer, clearly specified a range of countries eligible for procurement which meets the tests for “untied” aid.