Sexual Reproductive and Health Rights Initiative in Amhara, Ethiopia



Contract partner: CARE Österreich, Verein für Entwicklungszusammenarbeit und humanitäre HilfeCountry: Äthiopien Funding amount: € 2.888.430,00Project start: 09.12.2019End: 31.12.2023

Short Description:

Overall goal


The outcome of the project will be an increased rejection of and improved response to female genital cutting (FGC) and of early marriage (EM) by community members, service providers and Government authorities in Amhara Region.


Expected results


The benefit for target groups will be that (i) communities create inclusive spaces for conflict-resolution and productive dialogue, questioning and addressing the underlying causes of FGC, early marriage and low utilization of sexual and reproductive Health Services. (ii) Health personnel and other (public) service providers will have an improved ability to respond in a gender-sensitive way to sexual and reproductive Health Service needs and to complications derived from FGC. Girls and women (iii) increase their power for own decision-making and are therefore less likely to be subjected to FGC and EM and able to access sexual and reproductive health-related services. (iv) Marginalized community members and former FGC practitioners, increase their ability to take up (alternative) income generating activities.


Target group / Beneficiaries


The project will target 31,396 direct beneficiaries (70% of which female) and 156,980 indirect beneficiaries (familiy members, relatives and friends). Direct beneficiaries include "gatekeepers", meaning the power-holders in the communities who influence the initiation and/or continuation of certain practices and social norms; community members with special focus on adolescent girls (aged 10-19) and women with health complications derived from FGC. Furthermore, healthcare professionals, representatives of Health, Education, Justice, Administration and WomenAffairs Offices are included among the direct beneficiaries.

The contractual Partner is CARE Austria, while CARE Ethiopia is the actual implementing organisation.

The Project focuses on two identified woredas (Fogera and Este) in the Amahara Region (South Gondar Zone).


Activities


The Project's strategy is centered on changing the harmful social norms that perpetuate FGC and EM through community dialogues, empowering of adolescent girls and providing alternatives for the economic coping strategies that harmful traditional practices provide to impoverished families. Simultaneously, the project will work with government representatives and service providers to ensure that they have the necessary skills to respond to the needs of women and girls and are held accountable for their services.

Measures therefore include analysis and validation of social norms, development of training material, conducting trainings (on gender-based-violence reporting and mitigaiton, on income generating activities, on Gender, Equity and Diversity, on sexual and reproductive Health, on community consultative processes, on savings and loan activities etc.), behavioural change communication (including development of videos), participatory review meetings and cross-learning activities, provision of input for income generating activities, setting up of savings and loan groups, support for clinical and psycosocial treatment.


Context


Challenges facing Ethiopia’s achievement of sexual and reproductive health rights include cultural beliefs and social norms. In 2016, only 35% of women used a modern contraceptive method and 65% of women aged 15-49 were affected by FGC. 40% of girls are married before their 18th birthday, with 14% married by age 15 (data from 2016). More than 140 types of harmful traditional practices are exercised in Ethiopia, the most common affecting women and children being FGC, early marriage, uvula cutting, abduction, and milk teeth extraction. Reasons for FGC include fear of being socially ostracized, shame, stigmatization, rejection if married without being first cut, and being excluded from community activities. A 2014 CARE study in Amhara found that 90% of girls were not involved in choosing their spouse and 75% did not consent to marriage. In spite of existing formal rights, social norms around gender favour boys and men; the domestic sphere and childrearing are seen as the sole domain of women, while the public sphere, most economic activity and decision-making are accepted as the domain of men. This inequality results in poorer health, education and economic outcomes for women and girls. Experience from other CARE projects in Ethiopia revealed that practitioners of FGC in Amhara have high status and power within the community, and thus, have an intrinsic interest in maintaining the practice. With regards to EM, families gain material resources in the form of dowry and important social ties and social status through the practice.

project number2842-00/2019
source of fundingOEZA
sector Staatsführung & Zivilgesellschaft, allgemein
tied
modalityProject-type interventions
marker Gender: 2, Reproductive health: 1, Democracy: 2, Poverty: 1
  • Policy marker: are used to identify, assess and facilitate the monitoring of activities in support of policy objectives concerning gender equality, aid to environment, participatory development/good governance, trade development and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. Activities targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions include the identification of biodiversity, climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and desertification.
    • 1= policy is a significant objective of the activity
    • 2= policy is the principal objective of the activity
  • Donor/ source of funding: The ADA is not only implementing projects and programmes of the Austrian Development Cooperation , but also projects funded from other sources and donors such as
    • AKF - Foreign Disaster Fund of the Austrian federal government
    • BMLFUW - Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
    • EU - Funds of the European Commission
    • Others - various other donors are listed in ADA’s annual business report.
  • Type of Aid – Aid modalities: classifies transfers from the donor to the first recipient of funds such as budget support, core contributions and pooled programmes and funds to CSOs and multilateral organisations, project-type interventions, experts and other technical assistance, scholarships and student costs in donor countries, debt relief, administrative costs and other in-donor expenditures.
  • Purpose/ sector code: classifies the specific area of the recipient’s economic or social structure, funded by a bilateral contribution.
  • Tied/Untied: Untied aid is defined as loans and grants whose proceeds are fully and freely available to finance procurement from all OECD countries and substantially all developing countries. Transactions are considered tied unless the donor has, at the time of the aid offer, clearly specified a range of countries eligible for procurement which meets the tests for “untied” aid.