Support to the Research Agenda on Cluster Munitions



Contract partner: Landmine Action UKCountry: Entwicklungsländer, unspezifisch Funding amount: € 15.000,00Project start: 01.08.2006End: 31.07.2007

Short Description:

Overall goal


Because of their wide area effect, cluster munitions have a high likelihood of killing and injuring non-combatants when they are used in areas where civilians may be present. In addition, the large number of individual bomblets or submunitions used in an attack and the propensity for these submunitions not to function as intended leads to particularly dense and problematic contamination from unexploded ordnance (UXO).


The project promotes an evidence based approach to analysis of issues and the development of appropriate responses. A number of research gaps still remain regarding cluster munition impact and

significant questions also remain regarding how international legal mechanisms could be brought to bear on this problem (either in theory or in practice). A collection of interconnected research

projects, including a technical analysis of cluster munition contamination in Kosovo and Afghanistan, as well as an analysis of legal cases involving the use of cluster munitions, is designed to fill these research gaps and produce a strong foundation of evidence and argument from which concerned states and NGOs can work to better develop the protection afforded to civilians during conflict.

project number2083-02/2006
source of fundingOEZA
sector Frieden und Sicherheit
tied
modality
marker
  • Policy marker: are used to identify, assess and facilitate the monitoring of activities in support of policy objectives concerning gender equality, aid to environment, participatory development/good governance, trade development and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. Activities targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions include the identification of biodiversity, climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and desertification.
    • 1= policy is a significant objective of the activity
    • 2= policy is the principal objective of the activity
  • Donor/ source of funding: The ADA is not only implementing projects and programmes of the Austrian Development Cooperation , but also projects funded from other sources and donors such as
    • AKF - Foreign Disaster Fund of the Austrian federal government
    • BMLFUW - Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
    • EU - Funds of the European Commission
    • Others - various other donors are listed in ADA’s annual business report.
  • Type of Aid – Aid modalities: classifies transfers from the donor to the first recipient of funds such as budget support, core contributions and pooled programmes and funds to CSOs and multilateral organisations, project-type interventions, experts and other technical assistance, scholarships and student costs in donor countries, debt relief, administrative costs and other in-donor expenditures.
  • Purpose/ sector code: classifies the specific area of the recipient’s economic or social structure, funded by a bilateral contribution.
  • Tied/Untied: Untied aid is defined as loans and grants whose proceeds are fully and freely available to finance procurement from all OECD countries and substantially all developing countries. Transactions are considered tied unless the donor has, at the time of the aid offer, clearly specified a range of countries eligible for procurement which meets the tests for “untied” aid.