Addressing livelihood and WASH-related needs and strengthening the resilience of IDPs in Nampula province, Mozambique
The project aims to support internally displaced persons (IDPs) and vulnerable host community members, in particular women and girls, to absorb external shocks and protection risks through principled, gender-responsive, and inclusive humanitarian assistance. (Contribution to SDGs 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 and EU GAP II thematic objectives ‘Ensuring freedom from all forms of gender-based violence’ and ‘Strengthening economic and social rights and empowering girls and women' and 'Advancing equal participation and leadership')
1) 15,000 persons in displacement sites contribute to their household livelihoods through gender-sensitive, climate-smart agriculture-based and non-agriculture based activities.
2) 12,000 displacement site residents can address essential water sanitation and hygiene (WASH)-related needs, including protection against COVID-19, in dignity and safety.
3) 5,800 displacement site residents, especially women and girls, adopt positive psychosocial coping mechanisms.
The project will directly benefit a total of 15,000 women, men, girls, and boys (at least 50% female beneficiaries). The proposed humanitarian response will target highly vulnerable IDPs and host communities in Lurio, Mauala and Macalopa localities in Memba district, Nampula Province, where IDPs are living with host families and in informal sites.
Distribution of agricultural tools and inputs, such as climate-resistant seeds; Provision of training and coaching on climate-resilient agricultural practices; Provision of vocational training; Distribution of non-agricultural livelihood restoration inputs/start-up kits; Facilitate training skills for more effective household and community participation (negotiation, public speaking etc.); Facilitate awareness raising sessions on gender equality and women and girls' participation in household economic decision making; Construction/rehabilitation of boreholes; Installation of communal hand-washing stations; Distribution of two-part hygiene kits, including standard family kits and dignity kits; Dissemination of hygiene promotion messages, including prevention of COVID-19 contagion; Revitalize/establish Water User Committees; Facilitate dialogues around gender equality and inclusive community decision making; Select and train volunteers as psychosocial support (PSS) Peer Counsellors; Support Peer Counsellors to provide PSS outreach services and referrals to relevant/appropriate services; Identify and equip appropriate spaces that could function as Women and Girl Friendly Spaces (WGFS).
Mozambique is one of the world’s poorest countries and faces diverse challenges that have created a complex humanitarian crisis for which the country is under-resourced and under-equipped. These challenges include intensifying security threats by non-state armed groups in the North, the COVID-19 pandemic, vulnerability to climate change and natural disasters, and the 2016-2017 debt crisis. Consecutive climatic shocks, insecurity, and violence have led to continued displacement, increased protection risks, and disruption to markets and livelihoods. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimates that in Northern Mozambique over 730,000 persons have been displaced internally, many of them repeatedly. This mass displacement of vulnerable populations has resulted in insufficient availability and access to food, loss of livelihoods, insufficient availability and access to water, sanitation installations, and hygiene materials, and increased protection risks and psychosocial stresses — all of which exacerbate vulnerability to future shocks. CARE’s assessment highlights the urgent needs of IDPs, in particular women and girls, related to livelihood, WASH and psychosocial support. IDPs and vulnerable hosting communities in Memba district have received little to no support from humanitarian actors, as response efforts are focused on Cabo Delgado province and locations in the central areas of Nampula province, where higher numbers of IDPs have been identified.