BASE- Basic Services for Southern Tigray
To contribute to the most needed humanitarian and early recovery assistance for the population affected by the Tigray crisis in Ethiopia, especially the most vulnerable and marginalized groups.
Specific Objective: The most vulnerable IDPs and affected population by the Tigray crises are better able to meet their basic needs and have access to a functioning emergency medical service in Southern Tigray (Alamata, Chercher and Raya Azebo)
ER1: The most vulnerable IDPS and affected population in Alamata, Chercher and Raya Azebo have access to multipurpose cash assistance to cover their basic needs, particularly focusing on women (5.000 people).
ER2: The most vulnerable IDPs and affected population in Alamata, Chercher and Raya Azebo are provided with access to safe and adequate water supply through either emergency water trucking or repair of destroyed water systems with specific focus on needs of women and vulnerable groups (8.000 people).
ER3: Targeted conflict affected population in Southern Tigray has access to emergency medical services, offering First Aid and medical transportation capacities to health facilities (4.920 people).
a) Target group: Total direct beneficiaries: 13.920 people
The project will focus on the conflict affected population in Southern Tigray, which includes (new and former) IDPs and host communities, IDPS in groups or settlements and returnee communities. For multipurpose cash distribution general vulnerability criteria will be used, with a focus on women, as they are disproportionally affected by armed conflict (70% female/ 30% male). For access to water supply, the selection of communities will be done in cooperation with the regional Emergency Coordination Center in Mekele. Target groups for the emergency medical services are 4.800 sick and wounded people being transported to health facilities and 120 ambulance attendants trained.
b) Implementing Partner of the Applicant: Ethiopian Red Cross
c) Exact Location (region, district, etc): Southern Tigray (Alamata, Chercher, Raya Azebo)
1.1. Conduct rapid market assessment and feasibility, including a gender analyses, 1.2 Design the multipurpose cash program (SMEB), cash delivery mechanism, trainings and roll-out of targeting criteria including beneficiary selection 1.3 Establish CEA mechanisms to ensure information can be shared with recipients, 1.4. Distribute monthly cash assistance (3 rounds) to selected vulnerable households and conduct post distribution monitoring 2.1. Provide safe drinking water to conflict affected communities, through water trucking or rehabilitation of existing water systems, 2.2. Conduct a consultation process with women and vulnerable groups on gender aware and inclusive planning and repair of the destroyed water systems, 2.3. Provide maintenance kits and tools for water infrastructure to local water officials, 2.4 Conduct stakeholder WS for the targeted communities and WASH officers regarding operation and maintenance 3.1. Train ambulance attendants on First Aid, PSS, rescue techniques, mother and child health, operation of emergency equipment and infection prevention and control, 3.2. Preposition health supplies for emergency trauma response and referrals for ambulance vehicles, 3.3. Provide First Aid and ambulance service, 3.4 Support operation and running costs of ambulance staffs and vehicles, 3.5. Support local ERCS branch in renovating their damaged building and replacing office equipment.
In November 2020, clashes between the Ethiopian Federal Government and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) resulted in a humanitarian emergency, which is still unfolding. Although the large-scale offensive has ended late November, pockets of fighting persist and inhibit recovery. Up to now, around 495.000 people have been newly displaced and 63,000 have fled to neighboring Sudan. Access to basic resources such as food, water, fuel, cash, and medical services has been most severely impacted by the fighting. The IFRC and ERCS assessments as well as the UN joint assessment point to a total of 172,500 people in Southern Tigray that are in need of humanitarian assistance. In the targeted Woredas Alamata, Chercher and Raya Azebo, 73.000 people are in need of food support according to information from authorities and community members. Significant water challenges are being faced by all Woredas in South Tigray since the conflict. Around half of the 240 ERCS ambulance vehicles in Tigray having transported wounded and sick people during the conflict, have been burnt or disappeared and a third has been looted. Therefore, the proposed intervention focuses on a three-pronged approach, focusing on a certain affected population in a designated area and covering multiple needs through multipurpose cash distributions, safe and adequate water supply and access to emergency medical services.