Beitrag 2016 und 2017 zu ICIMOD's MTAP 2013 - 2017
The Transboundary Landscapes Programme will improve livelihoods, enhance ecological integrity and economic development as well as the resilience to environmental changes in the Himalayan HinduKush Region.
The Himalayan HinduKush Region extends 3,500 km and covers eight member countries, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan, with a population of about 210 million people.
Improved cooperation among the eight members states in six identified landscapes for sustainable and inclusive ecosystem management.
The specific results for the selected Kanchenjunga Landscape are:
- Three biological connectivity corridors and monitoring mechanisms are established for reducing human wild life conflicts and crop depredation
- The income of 5,230 people is increased by 30% through livelihood interventions (50% of these people live in absolute poverty with less than two dollars a day)
- The three participating governments (India, Nepal and Bhutan) implement at least two multilateral environmental agreements to achieve their commitments in the Nagoya Protocol and the Program of Work on Mountain Biodiversity of Convention on Biological Diversity.
The selected Kanchenjunga Landscape covers an area of 25,080 km2 and spreads across part of eastern Nepal, Sikkim and West Bengal of India and the western and south-western parts of Bhutan, the main focus country of the ADC. The landscape is an Himalayan biodiversity hotspot with rich flora and fauna of global significance and also home to 7.2 million people including the indigenous groups, the Lepchas, the Walungpas, and the Lhop Doyas.
Within the Kanchenjunga Landscape nine invention areas are chosen based on geographical representation (low to high altitude) and high proportion of human wild life conflicts. The direct target group living in these intervention areas 5,230 people, the total population is 21.100.
The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development cooperates in Bhutan with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, in India with the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change and in Nepal with the Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation. Participating none state actors are in India the GB Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, the Wildlife Institute, TMI-India and the Tribhvuan University in Nepal. All of them have a long lasting expertise in sustainable management of mountain ecosystems and improving livelihoods of mountain people.
- To design the frameworks for transboundary cooperation of the three member countries in conserving the Kanchenjunga Landscape
- To organise national and regional consultative meetings and dialogues for the impelmentation of these multilateral agreements
- To identify and implement inclusive and equitable livelihood strategies that include amongst other tourism plans, micro enter prise development and private sector enagegement
- To develop knowledge products on landscape management i.e biodiversity; community forests; species adaptation; wildlife conflict management; rangelands; wetlands; mountain farming, beekeeping; watersheds etc.
Most ecosystems of the HinduKush Himalayan Region are subject to climatic and non-climatic changes impacting their functioning and sustainability and thereby affecting the livelihoods and resilience of people living in the region. Hence regional cooperation among the member countries is crucial to address the conservation of ecosystems and the sustainable use of natural resources. ICIMOD and its partners have identified six critical transboundary landscapes in the region for piloting this regional approach, the Hindukush Karakoram Pamir, Kailash, Everest, Kangchenjunga, Far Easter Himalaya, and Cherrapunjee-Chittagong.