Beitrag zu IOM Aktivitäten in Niger 2017
Through this intervention, IOM aims at contributing to the reinforcement of emergency humanitarian and protection response to households affected by Boko Haram insurgency in the Diffa region.
Through the intended intervention, IOM aims at improving living conditions for 2,800 vulnerable households, both displaced populations (IDPs, refugees, returnees) and host communities, affected by the Boko Haram crisis in Diffa region, Niger through: 1) the realization of 1,800 shelters for vulnerable households in Bosso, Diffa, Mainé Soroa and N’Guigmi localities; 2) the distribution of 1,000 NFI kits for vulnerable households in Bosso, Diffa, Mainé Soroa and N’Guigmi localities and 3) the support of other humanitarian actors with transportation, stockpile and realization of shelters and NFI kits.
The Austrian contribution will ensure distribution of shelter/NFI stockpiles for 2,800 families (corresponding to 19,600 individuals) affected by the crisis. The 19,600 beneficiaries are comprised of 1) 1,484 IDP families; 2) 280 refugee families; 3) 644 returnee families and 4) 392 host families.
The IOM activities are envisioned for the Diffa region, in Niger. In the course of the implementation IOM aims to partner with the Shelter/NFI (Non-food item) working group (Groupe de travail Abris et biens non alimentaires (GTABNA) in French), namely the Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management (MAH/GC – Replaces the Humanitarian Coordination Cell (CCH)), Governorate of Diffa and local authorities in the region, Nigerien Red Cross, local NGOs and UNHCR.
The Austrian will support IOM’s efforts in 1) shelter response, 2) NFI response and 3) Logistical response:
- Shelter response: IOM will support displaced populations and host communities through targeted emergency shelters kit distribution. To that regard, IOM will realize 1,800 shelters in Bosso, Diffa, Mainé Soroa and N’Guigmi region.
- NFI response: IOM will support displaced populations and host communities through targeted NFI kits distribution. To that regard, IOM will distribute 1,000 kits, including sleeping mats, blankets, mosquito nets, clothes, buckets, dishes, soap, etc., in Bosso, Diffa, Mainé Soroa and N’Guigmi region.
- Logistical response: in order to implement the above-mentioned shelter and NFI kits activities, IOM will organize transportation to targeted areas and will manage storage for the kits. IOM will also support other humanitarian actors with transportation and storage in order to ensure a broader and qualitative response.
With 1,9 million individuals displaced (OCHA August 2017) and over 50,000 people killed since 2011, the Boko Haram related insurgency in the Lake Chad Basin is one of the most dire crisis in the world.
While hosting 50 percent of Boko Haram refugees in Diffa region, Niger, ranked as one of the poorest countries in the world (fifth from last), is challenged and pushed to its limits. Of the total population of Diffa, an estimated 340,000 are in need of aid (HRP 2017) and out of estimated 673,473 people living in Diffa, just over one third (247,991) are IDPs, returnees and refugees. Indeed, the majority of the displaced individuals are hosted by the local population in over 140 locations in Diffa (the majority of the displaced are currently living in spontaneous sites while others have settled in local towns and villages with host families). This dynamic is facilitated by the long standing cultural, social and economic exchange between the populations across country borders of the Lake Chad Basin. However, the national local capacities to absorb the movements and respond to the ever-growing needs are being stretched and all actors agree that humanitarian needs are severe. International humanitarian aid is needed to support and address the present and increasing needs of the affected populations in region.