Beitrag zur 2018 Bewertung des SADC Infrastruktur Masterplans
The specific objectives of the assessment is to determine the extent of progress in implementation of SADC infrastructure projects since Regional Infrastructure Development Master Plan adoption in 2012.
The expected output is an 80-100 page report on “SADC Regional Infrastructure Development Master Plan Implementation Status Report 2018”. It is anticipated that the baseline assessment will discuss the following topics
- Enhanced knowledge and public awareness on the progress made in Regional Infrastructure Development Master Plan implementation and how the SADC Member States can address challenges;
- Assessing possible entry points for newly created institutions such as the SADC Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in addressing the infrastructure challenges for the region;
- Clarity about the specific stakeholder roles in accelerating the Regional Infrastructure Development Master Plan implementation and
- Gap identification and quantification.
The groups to be targeted will be the 16 SADC Member States, the Secretariat, about 800 parliamentarians in the SADC Member States through the SADC Parliamentary Forum, about 80 ministries in charge of infrastructure issues in the 16 Member States, 30 SADC subsidiary organisations that deal with infrastructure issues, 80 national institutions responsible for administering or regulating infrastructure issues, 30 International Cooperating Partners, 10 Development Finance Institutions and 80 private investors, in total approximately 1.360 persons.
It is expected that at least 10 percent of the 280 million citizens in SADC Region will access this knowledge product that shall inform future interventions in the development of the infrastructure in the SADC Region. A wide outreach is important to raise public awareness about the state and progress made thus far towards the implementation of the SADC Regional Infrastructure Development Master Plan and the challenges faced by the SADC Region and the interventions being implemented at national and regional levels.
Southern African Research and Development Centre will be the lead implementing agency of this task in consultation with SADC Secretariat and the Development Bank Southern Africa.
This activity will be a rapid assessment of the implementation of the RIDMP informed by a desk assessment and complemented by interviews with stakeholders comprising Member State government officials, SADC Secretariat, representatives of Subsidiary Organisations, Development Financing Institutions, the private sector, International Cooperation Partners and other investors.
The data collection will be multi-pronged, taking into account the potential limitations with respect to some Member States capacity to provide the relevant data. The first approach would be to review available reports including documents that have been shared during SADC meetings over the past five years. The second approach will seek to complement the desk assessment through interviews with stakeholders to gather first-hand information on progress with implementation. The Indicator Reference Sheet currently being developed by the Secretariat will be adapted for use during the interviews in Member States to report on progress in their respective countries. The indicator template is necessary to ensure compatibility and consistency of data.
Research experts/consultants will be identified in each Member State to conduct interviews and administer the Indicator Reference Sheet at the national level. Involvement of national experts/consultants is a necessary requirement to ensure ownership of the report. DBSA has indicated willingness to provide research expertise to support the SARDC team with report synthesis and analysis of the national inputs.
Data collected would need to be analyzed and presented well for easy access through a status report that can inform Member States, financiers and other key stakeholders of the current status with respect to implementation of agreed projects in the RIMDP, lessons learnt and measures that may need to be put in place to recalibrate subsequent planning phases or priority lists. The report will incorporate a scorecard to illustrate SADC Member State implementation progress and provide incentives to motivate those lagging behind. The Status Report will assess progress in the implementation of the Regional Infrastructure Development Master Plan, covering the period 2012-2017. In doing that, the report will also seek to assess how the Regional Infrastructure Development Master Plan is contributing to regional, continental and global initiatives aimed at attaining sustainable development in SADC. For instance, an attempt will be made to establish the contribution of the infrastructure master plan to the attainment of Priority D of the Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan with respect to cross-cutting issues such as poverty eradication, gender equality, food security and the youth. Such issues directly relate to the attainment of Sustainable Development Goals which seek to eradicate poverty; combat hunger; ensure good health; access to affordable energy; ensure gender equality and access to decent employment at sustainable economic growth rates.
Following five years of the implementation of the SADC Regional Infrastructure Development Master Plan it must now undergo a Mid Term Review, in order to assess the success of implementation of projects primarily in the plan, identify challenges of implementation and formulate strategies aimed at acceleration of the deployment of infrastructure. It is an opportunity to access progress across all sectors from Energy to Transport. As part of the Mid Term Review, the Council of Ministers directed the Secretariat to identify high priority infrastructure projects with major regional impact, for implementation, as opposed to attempts to implement a long portfolio of projects thereby spreading the limited resources.
When the RIDMP was adopted in 2012, some key regional institutions such as the SADC Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency were not yet in place, yet these institutions have an important role to play in addressing the industrialisation challenges for the region. SACREEE was established in 2015 by the SADC Energy Ministers and endorsed by the 35th SADC Council of Ministers Meeting Decision 61 with a mandate to promote increased access to modern energy services and improved energy security across the SADC Region.
Further, a completely new package of policies have since been adopted, notably the Revised Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan 2015-2020, Industrialization Strategy and Roadmap 2015-2063, the Regional Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Strategy and Action Plan, to mention a few. It is critical that the proposed assessment informs the integration of all these new policies into a single ecosystem for coherent regional integration in SADC.
As the SADC region industrializes, the review of the SADC Regional Infrastructure Development Master Plan provides an excellent opportunity for the region to set new priorities and adopt a sustainable development path wherein new renewable energy forms and technologies play a bigger role. Already renewable energy is contributing 17% of the total SADC energy capacity and there is scope for increasing its share in the energy mix for the region.
The review exercise can mark the first time that a comprehensive instalment can be devoted to assessing progress with implementation of energy and other infrastructure projects while exploring how deployment of renewable energy can contribute to future development in the SADC region. For example, primary energy efficiency in the power sector can be improved mainly by shifts in the energy mix and by improving the efficiency of electricity generation technologies in SADC. As the vast stock of infrastructure facilities around the region ages, modernisation and retrofitting of existing facilities can be a significant part of industry operations, with the potential to increase greatly the performance of existing stock such as hydropower plants.