Climate Smart Agriculture and Water in Sofala (CSAW Sofala)
The project aims to contribute to improved livelihoods of smallholder farmer families in Sofala province. This will be achieved through a nexus approach which links climate-smart agriculture, market access, and water and energy to increase productivity and improved access to water and sanitation in the districts of Buzi, Caia and Machanga.
The two main outcomes of the Project are:
1) Enhanced food security and income generation from agriculture production in Buzi, Caia and Machanga districts: By adopting climate-smart agriculture, target farmers will increase their yields in a way that promotes the long-term sustainable management of natural resources and build resilience against future shocks. Increased yields will result in increased food security. As the project progresses, market-led production and increased market access activities will be introduced. Farmers will be supported in aggregating, storing, and adding value to products so that they can secure higher prices.
2) Increased inclusive and gender-equitable access to sustainable water infrastructure for human consumption and productive use in Buzi, Caia and Machanga Districts:
By improving community-based WASH infrastructure the availability of clean water for domestic use will be increased. Selected infrastructure will be upgraded to multi-use systems to provide more water for productive use. Training and institutional support to water management committees will improve communities’ capacity to manage water infrastructure.
7,800 people will directly benefit from project activities. This includes lead farmers, district staff providing agricultural extension services, lead farmers and smallholder farmers.
At Least 225 lead farmers and 5,625 smallholder farmers will benefit from WASH demonstrations. We anticipate that 75% of lead farmers will also demonstrate irrigation technologies on their demonstration fields or WASH techniques at their homes (for instance, through kitchen gardens using water re-use techniques and “tippy-tap” hand washing facilities).
1.) Provision of training, know-how and information to farmers that promotes sustainability and increased resilience to climate disasters and other shocks, focusing on Climate Smart Agriculture and efficient water use.
2.) Promotion of access to input and output markets and support farmers to increase value to produce.
3.) Installation, improvement, upscaling and Promotion of community level water and WASH infrastructure including small scale irrigation, and train citizens in its use.
4.) Strengthening capacities of water management committees and other structures to manage water infrastructure.
5.) Increased capacity of district staff to provide agricultural Extension services that improve production/productivity and promote inclusive, efficient water use for human use and agricultural/livestock production.
The Nexus Sofala project comes at a time when much of Sofala province, particularly Buzi district, is still reeling from the effects of Cyclone Idai, which bore down with full force over the central coast of Mozambique in early 2019. Climate-smart agriculture offers a pathway to sustainable intensification of agriculture and increased productivity, income and resilience for smallholder farm families.
Low capacity and poorly functioning extension systems fail to deliver quality inputs and services to rural farmers. Lessons learned suggest that multiple challenges, including distrust in new technologies and lack of access to inputs or markets for outputs, need to be addressed concurrently.