Contribution Pronasar 2019 - 2021
The development objective of the PRONASAR Programme is to contribute to the satisfaction of basic human needs, to improve well-being and to fight against rural poverty, through the sustainable increase of access and use of safe water supply and sanitation services.
The expected results for the period 2019 - 2021 are as follows:
R 1. Ensure the sustainability of water and sanitation services.
R 2. Ensure basic service of providing drinking water and sanitation by 2030 to the population in rural areas and eliminate open defecation by 2025.
R 3. Improve service delivery of drinking water and sanitation to the rural population and ensure the safe management of services.
R 4. Strengthen the decentralization of water and sanitation services through better planning, financing, monitoring and involvement of local authorities.
R 5. Strengthen the institutional framework and institutions for sustainable, equitable and coordinated management of decentralized water and sanitation services.
Between 2019 and 2030 the programme aims at:
• increasing the proportion of the rural population with access to water from 45.4% (8.8 Mio. people) in 2019 to 77% (16.3 million people) by 2024 and 100% by 2030;
• increasing the proportion of the rural population with access to sanitation from 28% in 2019 (5.4 Mio. people) to 71.6% (15.2 Mio. Menschen) by 2024 and 100% by 2030.
Between 2019 and 2021, the Austrian development contribution (ADC) to PRONASAR is expected to reach approximately 54,400 thousand people in rural areas in Mozambique. In total, the PRONASAR programme aims to reach approximately 4.9 Mio people in rural areas between 2019 and 2021.
The National Directorate for Water Supply and Sanitation, a sub-entity of the Ministry of Public Works, Housing and Water Resources, is responsible for the implementing, steering and the proper use of the Austrian contribution.
The ADC financial contribution will support the efforts to ensure access to secure water and sanitation in rural areas of Mozambique and focuses on following priority areas:
Water Supply sub-sector:
a. Improve planning and monitoring by strengthening the technical information and service management system, improving intersectorial coordination and participatory planning;
b. Expand services and technology options according to the conditions of availability of water resources;
c. Expand the management options, forming, where relevant, the services of scattered sources and rural systems in a single management system;
d. Strengthen the role of local governments through technical capacity building and competitive and equitable allocation of financial resources.
a. Improve the institutional framework and strengthen the institutions involved in the multi-sectorial implementation of sanitation;
b. Strengthen the role of Local Governments in the implementation of sanitation improvement programs;
c. Eliminate open fecalism and accelerate the provision and sustainability of sanitation services;
d. Develop options to promote local investment in Sanitation Improvement in cities, towns, villages and scattered settlements.
In the sub-sector of rural water supply and sanitation, the implementation of a comprehensive sectorial approach to programming (SWAP) was initiated through PRONASAR (2010 -2015) which was extended until 2018. The new PRONASAR document (2019-2030) was developed and approved by the Government of Mozambique (GoM) in March 2019. The GoM agreed with potential Development Partners operating in the sector to establish a joint fund for PRONASAR to expand access to sustainable rural water and sanitation services and to improve the well-being and reduce poverty among the rural population. An agreement was reached to coordinate efforts regarding funding, implementing, and monitoring the PRONASAR program.
Geographic inequalities between rural and urban areas continue to exist. Compared 58% of the urban population, only 13 % of people living in rural areas had access to sanitation facilities in 2015. Despite steady population increases in urban areas, Mozambique will continue to be a country with a large share of rural inhabitants (around 68% in 2015 and 63% in 2030). Since access to drinking water and sanitation is much lower in rural compared to urban areas, PRONASAR targets exclusively rural areas.