Contribution to IFRC Emergency Appeal Lebanon 2020
The Project aims to alleviate the situation of people displaced by the disaster as well as ensuring medical treatment and service provision, not only for those injured in the blast directly but also for those more prone to COVID-19 infections due to aggravated living conditions.
The IFRC aims to achieve the following results through the assistance programme as laid out in the “Lebanon: Beirut-Port Explosions” Emergency Appeal:
- Shelter provided to up to 10,000 families / 50,000 people by putting them up in emergency shelter, supporting rental costs or through other means
- Basic needs covered of 10,000 families / 50,000 people through provision of essential items, food and WASH services (in-kind or through cash / voucher assistance - CVA);
- Three Emergency Medical Service (EMS) Stations rehabilitated and damaged equipment replaced to strengthen first-aid and medical transportation capacities;
- Two temporary staging centers equipped and operational to provide support to affected population;
- 36 health centers and 9 Mobile Medical Units (MMUs) re-stocked and equipped to cover primary health care needs of affected population
- Two Blood Transfusion Service (BTS) Centers rehabilitated and re-stocked
- 13 Blood Transfusion Centers re-stocked with reagents, testing and storage materials to deal with increased demand due to the blast
- Provision of PPE for all medical staff and volunteers engaged in the activities (6.500 people approximately)
Target groups of the Austrian contribution (500.000,00 €) consist of those directly benefitting from basic service coverage as well as those directly or indirectly covered through restoring Blood Transfusion Service Center capacities and provision of Personal Protective Equipment for the Operation in Beirut:
- 6.000 beneficiaries Basic Assistance and WASH: The ADA/AutRC contribution will ensure the coverage of basic needs, either through distributions of items themselves (in form of hygiene kits, food packets, drinking water, etc.) or – depending on the results of market assessments – through CVA.
- 700 beneficiaries under Health: Out of these, 200 volunteers and staff will directly benefit through the provision of PPE, curbing the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in the course of the operation. The number of indirect beneficiaries who benefit through breaking the infection chain is hard to quantify but is much higher. Additionally, 500 persons will benefit from blood donation services, that are ensured and restored through supporting the three BTS (considering collection / supply capacities of the LRC).
- Rapid Needs assessment (in coordination with other partners) & Market Assessment to determine most efficient/effective modality of intervention;
- Provision of items to cover basic needs (e.g. mattresses, blankets, kitchen sets, emergency food parcels, etc.), either in kind or through cash and voucher assistance where feasible
- Community engagement and accountability including post-distribution monitoring and complaint Response Mechanisms (CRM);
• Distribute hygiene kits or utilize CVA as modality to cover respective needs (based on market assessment conducted under Activity 1.2)
• Development & execution of hygiene communication plan integrating
• Equipment of volunteers with appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) including hand sanitizers and masks when engaging with community members
• Repairing and re-equipping two Blood Service Facilities;
• Procurement of medical reagents and consumables for blood transfusion;
On August 4th 2020, at 6 p.m. local time, the Beirut port area was shaken by a series of destructive explosions and subsequent shockwaves, the effects of which were visible as far as 20km away. The immediate area 2km around the blast site was devastated, 168 people lost their lives and over 7,000 were left injured, while an additional 300.000 have lost their homes (WHO update, 12.08.2020).
Health facilities in Beirut and the surrounding areas are still overcrowded, several hospitals were seriously damaged by the explosion. Additionally, four large grain silos at the port were destroyed, reducing the grain reserves currently in the country to an alarming degree. This all on the background of an economic and socio-political crisis that has also seen a staggering rise in COVID-19 cases.
Initial analyses indicate that interrupted access to essential health services and supplies of medicines will remain critical. It is therefore essential to ensure and maintain access to basic healthcare as well as to support the rehabilitation of emergency medical services, blood bank services and resources as well as provide crucial socio-economic support to the hundreds of thousands of people who have lost their homes.