Contribution to OCHA's humanitarian coordination and advocacy in the Syria crisis 2019
Enabling more effective and principled humanitarian action that meets the needs of affected people in Syria.
UN-OCHA aims to achieve the following main targets for 2019 in the context of the Syria HRP:
R1 Principled, timely, effective and efficient humanitarian action is facilitated though coherent, responsive and accountable coordination structures and mechanisms
R2 Humanitarian response is based on common situational awareness and strategic response planning
R3 People in emergencies are protected from harm and have access to assistance as a result of coordination and advocacy
Expected results for the OCHA operation in Syria in 2019 include (not only related to Austrian contribution):
R1.1. 30 humanitarian coordination (Strategic Steering Group and Integration Steering Group) meetings held / donor briefing meetings facilitated at Syria level
R2.1. 100% of HRP partners linking their projects to sector response strategies developed on the basis of Humanitarian Needs Overview findings
R2.2. 12 Emergency relief coordinator-statements or reports to the Security Council on the humanitarian situation in Syria citing current data and analysis as produced by OCHA
R3.1. 15 OCHA-chaired coordination meetings that maintain protection advocacy as a standing agenda item
R3.2. 5 inter-sector initiatives to enhance accountability to affected populations, protection against sexual exploitation and abuse & gender based violence initiated at country office level
R3.3. Based on the Whole of Syria Protection Strategy, 666 projects in the 2019 HRP that are informed by protection risk analysis.
There are 163 organizations that have projects under the 2019 Syria HRP, including anonymized organizations. Indirect beneficiaries are the estimated 9 million people targeted for humanitarian assistance in 2019 provided the HRP is fully funded.
The number indirect beneficiaries related to the Austrian funding should be apportioned proportionally based on the Austrian contribution towards the overall requirements of the Syria HRP, which is for $3.32 billion to reach 11.7 million people. The Austrian funding would therefore benefit roughly 1,912 people.
OCHA’s activities cover the full country, with presence in Damascus and sub-offices in Aleppo, Homs and Ald-Hassakeh.
R1A1. Act as Secretariat to Strategic Steering Group, and chair the information management working group and integration steering group
R1A2. Provide regular support to sector/ clusters, sector/ clusters membership for information analysis and operation coordination upon demand
R2A1. Production of humanitarian data and analysis to support coherent messaging and advocacy within information products and partners' advocacy efforts
R2A2. Develop quality, standard humanitarian project cycle products (such as Humanitarian Needs Overviews, Humanitarian Response Plans, and Periodic Monitoring Reports) with sex and age disaggregated data, as appropriate or feasible.
R3A1. Develop situational awareness and analysis to inform multi-level communications and advocacy strategies on protection, humanitarian access, and provide an evidence base for strategies to enhance defense of principles of international humanitarian and human rights law and rights of affected populations.
R3A2. Review progress made in enhancing accountability to affected populations and communication with communities in Syria as undertaken by sectors, with delivery of lessons learned and recommendations.
With the Syria crisis now in its ninth year, the humanitarian impact continues to negatively affect millions of people across the country. An estimated 11 million women, children and men are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria in 2019, including 5 million people in acute need. Increasingly complex and inter-linked protection needs continue to exist across Syria. Ongoing hostilities in parts of the country continue to expose civilian populations to violence and threats to their lives, particularly in the north. The protection of humanitarian workers, including health care professionals, as well as damage to civilian infrastructure leading to civilian casualties, remains a major concern.
Despite some improvements this year, sustained humanitarian access to people in need in parts of Syria remains a major challenge due to active hostilities, interference in humanitarian activities by armed actors, administrative regulations, presence of explosive remnants of war, as well as insecurity and criminality. Sustained advocacy and respect for international humanitarian law continue to be required to improve the quality of humanitarian access to people in some parts of the country.
The humanitarian response in Syria therefore remains a complex operation delivered from locations within Syria and neighbouring countries. The large scale of needs, complex displacement patterns and rapidly changing operational environment require dynamic and flexible coordination support and systems to facilitate effective humanitarian response. Response efforts are led through the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator system. In line with its global mandate, OCHA supports humanitarian leadership in ensuring the effective and efficient coordination of the overall humanitarian response in Syria.