Contribution to OCHA's Strengthening humanitarian coordination and advocacy in Iraq 2016
OCHA aims to improve and maintain access to vulnerable populations across Iraq, particularly in hard to reach areas.
Among the expected results are:
* Hard to reach areas are assessed and accessible to humanitarian partners (6 missions to those areas with partners, 4 independent missions conducted by OCHA, 10 agreements reached with governmental and non-governmental stakeholders to enhance access, 4 areas newly reached)
* Humanitarian partners can operate more safely due to risk mitigation measures
In the framework of the 2016 Iraq Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) a total of 7.3 million people are targeted. With the Austrian contribution 4,239 people benefit from more regular aid delivery and enhanced and safer access to humanitarian services.
The direct beneficiaries are 148 agencies and organisations working to provide humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable families and individuals. Aside from the humanitarian organizations the project beneficiaries also includes civil society organisations and commercial companies who deliver the humanitarian supplies and will benefit from negotiated safer routes.
The main activities of OCHA in this context are:
* Conduce independent and interagency missions to hard to reach areas
* Develop and maintain relationships with key stakeholders to facilitate access to hard to reach areas
* Produce monthly access report and mapping
* Continued de-confliction services to humanitarian community
* SOPs in dealing with armed groups for the humanitarians organizations produced and endorsed
* Dissemination of sub-national tailored basic humanitarian operational principles to humanitarian partners
* Produce and share fact based advocacy messages to inform lobbying by senior humanitarian leaders to government counterparts
* Establish access working group and convey biweekly meetings
* Provide fact based and tailored advocacy messages to the HoO and HCT for facilitation of access of humanitarians into Iraq
An estimated 10 million people - almost a third of the population - in Iraq are in need of assistance. 3.3 million have been displaced due to ongoing violence, almost half of them to three out of 18 governorates (Anbar, Baghdad and Dohuk). Humanitarian access to around 3 million people living in ISIL-controlled areas is hampered by various obstacles including the lack of physical security in areas of conflict or under control of the Armed Opposition Groups (AOG). A more systematic approach is required to maximize the possibilities for negotiation and delivery of humanitarian assistance, without compromising either the basic humanitarian principles of neutrality, impartiality and independence or the security of staff, beneficiaries and operations. Total funding requirements for OCHA's coordinating and advocacy activities in Iraq amount to 10.6 million USD.