Contribution to the Annual Planning 2018 - 2020 in Rural Water and Sanitation in Sofala Province, Agua Sofala
People living in the districts Buzi, Nhamatanda, Chibabava and Machanga of Sofala Province have an increased access to rural water and sanitation supply.
It is expected to achieve the following results till end of 2020
- The water supply coverage rate in Sofala Province is increased by building9 water supply solar systems
- Inclusive hygiene in primary schools is ensured by building and / or transforming toilets for children in 10 primary schools
- Safe rural sanitation services are provided by building 21,700 improved latrines
- 3 Community Education Program are conducted through 50 community meeting focusing on environmental sanitation and eradication of trachoma
- Gender related barriers in access to water supply and sanitation services are specifically addressed and reduced.
258.000 persons will have access to small solar water supply systems and improved latrines and 4.000 pupils will have access to inclusive restrooms.
The Provincial Government of Sofala with its Provincial Directorate for Public Works, Housing and Water Resources (DPOPHRH) are responsible for implementing, steering and the proper use of the Austrian contribution.
The Austrian Contribution will be operationalized through the annual economic and social plans and budget by promoting inclusive development and creating synergies with other interventions of other partners in the province and maximising technical capacities among the various actors involved:
- Construct small water supply solar systems for the communities in the districts of Buzi, Nhamatanda, Chibabava and Machanga
- Build inclusive restrooms in primary schools or transform existing toilets to be suitable for children with disabilities
- Construct safe rural sanitation services ( improved latrines)
- Conduct community education programs focusing on environmental sanitation in Sofala Province as well as on the eradication of trachoma via community Meetings.
The Sofala Province Strategic Development Plan (PEDPS) has been designed as a long-term management tool (2010-2020) and its objective in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) aligned with national strategies and the need of the target group is to provide water supply and sanitation services to the population of Sofala Province.
There is a stagnation with a tendency to degradation in the access of improved WASH in the rural areas in Sofala Province. Only 51% of the population, or 1,252,538 out of the 2,048,676 people living in the province, have access to water by dispersed sources. Only 27.9% of the population in rural areas, has access to safe sanitation, one of the lowest rates in the world.
Another challenge is the costing of the maintenance for sustainability of investments and services which has not yet been measured at the provincial level. Public-private initiatives in the rural water sector, where innovations largely depend on coordinated work between local government, the private sector and communities, have shown improvement in the sustainability of the rural water services through the availability of spare parts, trained artisans, professional management of service areas, post-construction technical support, alternative approaches to encourage the collection and productive use of fees and better data collection.
In this context the provincial government of Sofala intends to increase the water supply coverage rate from current 51% to 55% by 2020 in the selected districts. The average growth rate required to cover the public drinking water supply (water sources and public systems) of Sofala province is 3.4% till 2019. For the rural sanitation the coverage rate for Sofala in 2015 was 24% and a rate of 56% is expected to be achieved by 2020 (with an annual average growth rate of 8.1% till 2020) or the number of people with access to safe sanitation is expected to grow from 387,037 people to 777,695 people.