Contribution to the ICRC Activities in Burkina Faso 2019-2020
Basic needs in regards to nutrition and water & sanitation of vulnerable people affected by conflict and drought in Burkina Faso are covered.
The ICRC aims to achieve the following results per Assistance sub-programme for 2019 and 2020:
• Dietary and other basic needs gap for 18,000 vulnerable people are reduced
• Access to safe water supply and sanitation facilities for 20,974 people is established
With a contribution of EUR 500,000, the ICRC will be able to reach the following results for a total of 12,835 people:
• 4,473 vulnerable people, including pregnant and lactating mothers as well as children, have received food and basic household items, such as kitchen equipment, through which their dietary needs are improved
• Access to safe water and sanitation for 8,362 people is established.
The ICRC implements the program in close clollaboartion with its Abidjan Regional Delegation, the ICRC Mission in Burkina Faso and Burkinabé Red Cross Society.
As the ICRC has been responding to increased violence in the northern and eastern parts of the Country, it is opening a delegation in Burkina Faso in 2020.
Key target Locations are Ouagadougou, Djibo, and Fada Ngourma.
- Distribute food to up to 3,000 IDP and refugee households (up to 18,000 people)
- Distribute therapeutic food (corn soya blend) for treating malnutrition, especially for pregnant and lactating mothers as well as Children
- Screen pregnant and lactating mothers on severe and moderate malnutrition and refer them to the health reference centers for treatment
- Provide up to 50 households (300 people in all, amongst them are 150 vulnerable women) cash for starting income-generating activities, and help them set up mutually supportive groups or associations
- Repair wells, conduct hygiene-promotion sessions and, if necessary, build latrines
- Distribute jerrycans to benefit up to 20,180 IDPs and residents;
- Train and equip about 300 community members to maintain water and sanitation facilities
Burkina Faso’s military and security forces are fighting armed groups in the north (particularly the Sahel, Nord, and Centre- Nord regions) and the east (mainly the Est region) of the country. People are arrested in connection with the violence. Operations against some groups in the North, which are based in neighbouring countries (Mali and Niger), are sometimes conducted with the armed forces of France, Mali and/or Niger. Burkina Faso is part of the G5 Sahel Joint Force, a military initiative against armed groups in the wider region.
Violence-affected areas of the north also experience drought and other climate shocks. Some 33,000 Malian refugees remain in UN camps or host communities in the Sahel region of Burkina Faso. Communal, political and socio-economic tensions in the country may lead to unrest, and presidential elections are planned for 2020. In addition, migrants pass through Burkina Faso on their way to Europe or elsewhere.
Key Humanitarian Concerns that the ICRC works on:
The violence has caused mass displacement, injuries and deaths. It also hampers the delivery of aid; attacks on health workers have forced many facilities to close. Four volunteers from the Burkinabé Red Cross Society were kidnapped in February 2019, and as of this writing, only three of them have been freed.
As of October 2019, almost 500,000 people have reportedly been displaced within the country – a steep increase from roughly 80,000 at the beginning of the year. Having abandoned their homes, crops and/or livestock, they require food, shelter, and other essentials. This further strains the already limited resources and infrastructure in the urban areas to which they have fled: health care, clean water, and sanitation are all comparatively inaccessible to most residents and IDPs.
In the north, herders – residents and Malian refugees, who cannot return home because of the security situation there – must contend with the effects on their livelihoods of both violence and climate shocks, such as drought.