Contribution to the ICRC Afghanistan Appeal 2019
Most vulnerable people affected by conflict and/or other situations of violence in Afghanistan are able to meet their basic needs, notably regarding food/nutrition, access to water and sanitation facilities, and access to quality health-care Services.
The ICRC aims to achieve the following main targets per Assistance Sub-Programme for 2019:
1) Economic security:
- Livelihood related need gaps as well as basic needs gaps for 7,000 vulnerable people affected by conflict/violence are reduced
2) Water and habitat:
- Access to safe water supply for 328,720 individuals (civilian residents, displaced and/or returnees) is established
3) Improved medical treatment of 1,828 wounded and sick and/or people with disabilities is ensured.
With a contribution of EUR 2 Mio, the ICRC will be able to reach the following results:
- 3,493 people are able to cover their essential needs and unavoidable expenditures. The livelihoods of the most vulnerable households are restored or improved and have enabled them to cover their basic needs in a sustainable manner.
- 74,430 displaced civilian residents and/or returnees directly or indirectly affected by the armed conflict are protected against major environmental health hazards related to water quality and water quantity, and benefit from service continuity in conflict-affected primary health facilities and utilities.
- 370 wounded and sick and/or people with physical disabilities are treated in medical facilities with both functional infrastructure and skilled maintenance staff .
The ICRC works closely with the Afghan Red Crescent Society and is present, among others, in Kabul, Kandahar, Herat and Mazar-i-Sharif.
Target groups of the ICRC Appeal under the Assistance section are:
- Civilians (people, who do not take part in fighting, including IDPs, returnees and
vulnerable residents) and people who are wounded, sick or physically disabled.
-Afghan Red Crescent Staff/Volunteers
-Actors of influence (e.g. parties to the conflict, religious leaders)
? distribute cash to 600 households (4,200 people in total) and train them in basic principles of business management
? provide up to 2,800 victims of IHL violations (400 households) with cash relief
? repair or construct water-supply, waste-management and other facilities at six National Society-run health clinics to which the ICRC has access
? repair hand pumps, water towers and/or other facilities for some 322,000 people in ten rural/suburban communities and for 6,400 people in selected urban areas; do so with the help of water-management committees supported and trained by the ICRC
? carry out and maintenance work at Mirwais Hospital (616 beds); guide and train hospital maintenance staff
? upgrade or construct:
o facilities at ICRC-run physical rehabilitation centres (42 beds)
o wastewater systems and other infrastructure at four field hospitals (240 beds)
o emergency departments at up to two hospitals (1,000 beds incl. Mirwais)
Conflicts between NATO-backed Afghan armed/security forces and armed groups remain intense, especially in the south and east of the country. As in the past, the presence of multiple armed groups, including the Islamic State group, with varied affiliations complicates the security situation.
Civilians bear the brunt of the fighting: many of them are wounded or killed, displaced or prevented from obtaining basic services. Major deficiencies exist in the observance of IHL by parties to the conflicts. Many households are unable to meet their basic needs and/or have lost their livelihoods, as a direct consequence of the conflicts and/or because health, water and agricultural facilities and public services, especially in rural areas, are inadequate or dysfunctional owing to the fighting and economic instability. People with physical disabilities do not receive adequate rehabilitative assistance. Conflict, detention, migration and natural disasters disperse families.
Attacks on humanitarian workers and medical facilities and staff, and movement restrictions imposed on them, persist. The volatility of the situation and the complexity of the political and military landscapes restrict humanitarian access.