Contribution to the ICRC Libya Appeal 2019
Most vulnerable people affected by conflict and/or other situations of violence in Libya are able to meet their basic needs, notably regarding food/nutrition, access to water and sanitation facilities, and access to quality health-care services.
The ICRC aims to achieve the following results per Assistance Sub-Programme for 2019:
1) Economic security: Dietary and other basic needs gaps as well as livelihood situation for 355,800 vulnerable people including IDPs, residents and returnees as well as vulnerable widows and disabled people are reduced.
2) Water and habitat: Protection against major environmental health hazards related to water, housing, hygiene and sanitation for 500,000 vulnerable people has improved
3) Quality hospital care provided for 800 wounded and sick or people with physical disabilities.
With a contribution of EUR 2 Mio, the ICRC will be able to reach the following results for the benefit of a total of almost 44.100 people:
- 8,895 individuals affected by Non-International Armed Conflict (NIAC) and Other Situations of
violence (OSV) in Libya were able to cover their essential needs and unavoidable expenditures.
- 35,112 people among the most vulnerable civilian populations in Libya, in particular the
displaced, returnees and migrants, were protected against the major environmental health
hazards related to water, housing, hygiene and sanitation.
- Up to 87 individuals among the wounded and sick and/or people with physical disabilities in
ICRC-assisted Hospitals or Physical Rehabilitation Centers benefitted from quality hospital care
in a facility with functional infrastructure and skilled staff providing operational maintenance.
Target groups of the ICRC appeal under the Assistance section are:
- Civilians (People, who do not take part in fighting, including IDPs, returnees and vulnerable
residents) and people who are wounded, sick or physically disabled.
- Detainees (people, including migrants, who are deprived of their freedom)
- Actors of influence (e.g. parties to the conflict, religious leaders)
- The Libyan Red Crescent Society (LRCS).
The ICRC works closely with the Libyan Red Crescent Society (LRCS) and is present in Tripoli, Misrata, Benghazi and Sabha.
• provide food for some 150,000 people (25,000 households), through either vouchers or one-off distributions of in-kind assistance
• donate farming or fishing tools to local cooperatives, repair irrigation systems and similar facilities, or organize livestock treatment campaigns, to enable up to 7,000 households (42,000 people) to produce food
• give cash grants to up to 6,300 households (37,800 people) to help them start small businesses or to supplement their household incomes so that they can cover their basic needs for up to three months
• distribute essential household items, including hygiene supplies, to some 15,000 newly displaced or returnee households (90,000 people).
Water and habitat:
• work with local authorities to ensure that up to 500,000 people have access to water and/or electricity, and are protected from environmental hazards
• repair or improve facilities at ICRC-supported primary-health-care and specialized treatment centres
• repair or construct facilities – including a dormitory for physically disabled people – at up to 6 hospitals and 2 physical rehabilitation centres (~800 beds).
Many of the ongoing armed conflicts and other situations of violence in Libya date back to 2014. They involve multiple armed groups fighting over resources and territory, take place in densely populated urban areas and involve the use of heavy weapons. Several governments, each with armed supporters, also continue to compete for power and legitimacy. Violence is an ever-present threat to the safety and welfare of civilians in Libya. Depending on the security situation, IDPs are able either to eventually return to their communities or to resettle elsewhere. However, hundreds of thousands of people remain in protracted displacement across Libya, and outbreaks of violence often cause a fresh round of displacement.
Essential commodities and supplies for pursuing livelihoods are either scarce or too expensive. Water and electricity networks and other elements of basic infrastructure are in a poor state, mainly because budgetary and other constraints make it difficult for the authorities to ensure proper operation and maintenance.
The protracted crisis has also crippled Libya’s health system. There is a shortage of emergency responders, and hospitals and other health facilities lack the supplies, equipment and personnel necessary to provide adequate care.
Migrants are prone to abuse and loss of contact with relatives. Some are arrested and often held in facilities ill-equipped for the purpose. Boats carrying migrants across the Mediterranean Sea sometimes figure in fatal accidents. The volatile security conditions hamper the activities of most humanitarian organizations.