Contribution to the ICRC Program in Syria 2019 with special focus on assistance for the “Wounded and Sick”
Basic needs regarding physical and mental health, inclusive protection of wounded and sick people affected by conflict and/or other situations of violence in Syria, are covered.
The ICRC aims to achieve the following results per Assistance sub-programme for 2019:
- Stabilization of patients before transport, transportation and medical needs for 180.000 vulnerable people, supported in 15 health structures, covered;
- Access to physical rehabilitation services for 6.100 beneficiaries provided
With a contribution of EUR 500.000, the ICRC will be able to reach the following results for a total of 10.300 individuals:
- Stabilization, transportation and medical needs for 10.000 vulnerable people, for instance in North East Syria, supported in 15 health structures, including in locations such as Al-Hol Camp are covered;
- Access to physical rehabilitation services for 300 beneficiaries, including persons from North East Syria. This includes transport to and accommodation near physical rehabilitation centres.
The ICRC works closely with the Syria Arab Red Crescent Society (SARC). Target provinces of the entire program are Al-Hasakah, Al-Sweida, Dara'a, Damascus, Homs, Tartus, Hama, Idlib and Aleppo.
Activities will be implemented under the assistance target. This includes supply, repair, maintenance and training of staff in 15 hard to reach hospitals, including the field hospital in Al-Hol, through:
- Provision of medical supplies and equipment regularly to up to five hospitals and five haemodialysis centres, and provision of training for staff, including in equipment maintenance; provision of technical and financial assistance for the hospitals to assess and improve their security measures;
- Organization of basic and advanced courses in weapon-wound management for medical professionals; support surgeons to attend a similar course abroad;
- Coverage of transport, stabilization and treatment costs on an ad hoc basis for wounded people evacuated from hard-to-reach areas, and for IDPs; referral of those needing specialized treatment to hospitals in Syria or to an ICRC-supported hospital in Lebanon;
- Management of all parties concerned in dialogue on protecting the wounded and the sick, their relatives and medical personnel and facilities;
- Provision of medical supplies and equipment for up to 10 additional hospitals during emergencies;
- Support of 14 Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) branches in enhancing emergency capacity, safety and quality of the SARC's first aid and pre hospital care program.
In the Syrian Arab Republic, armed conflict between government forces and armed groups, which had become more localized, continued, as did fighting among armed groups and operations against them conducted or supported by third-party States. In early 2019, third-party States supported operations in the north-east against the Islamic State group, and government forces clashed with armed groups in and around Idlib.Since the conflict began in 2011, hundreds of thousands of civilian casualties, tens of thousands missing or detained, and the displacement of millions in Syria or abroad, have been reported. The country’s economy and public services have been crippled. Fighting this year led to additional casualties and further infrastructural damage, displacement and people being deprived of their freedom. Displaced people in the north-east were mostly hosted in camps, often in poor conditions: a camp in Al Hol had some 74,000 people, mostly newly displaced women and children. Over 320,000 people were reportedly displaced in and around Idlib. Health and humanitarian workers and structures have been attacked. Seventy-four workers from the Syrian Arab Red Crescent and the Palestine Red Crescent Society had been killed since 2011. The 2013 abduction of three ICRC staff members remained unresolved.
The ICRC works with the Syrian Arab Red Crescent to help people affected by armed conflict receive emergency relief and access safe water and medical care. It aims to visit all people held in relation to the conflict and to foster respect for international humanitarian law and other applicable norms.