Contribution to the ICRC programme in Ethiopia 2022
The overall goal of the programme is to cover basic needs in the form of food/nutrition, access to water and sanitation facilities and quality health-care services of vulnerable populations affected by conflict (e.g. Tigray crisis) and/or other situations of violence in Ethiopia.
The ICRC aims to achieve the following results per assistance sub-programme for the year 2022:
- Food consumption of 46,200 people (incl. detainees) secured;
- Food production of 759,840 people maintained/increased;
- Living conditions of 435,000 people improved;
- Income support for 158,000 people provided;
- Water and sanitation situation improved for 2,078,400 people, including detainees;
- Support provided to 71 Health Centers, 24 Hospitals and 22 Rehabilitation projects.
Target groups of the ICRC appeal under the Assistance section are vulnerable populations affected by conflict and/or other situations of violence.
The Austrian contribution of EUR 1m will enable the ICRC to reach 46,200 people with:
- Food production for 42,200 people improved through seed and tool provision and support in agricultural techniques;
- Living conditions of 4,000 people improved by provision of basic household necessities, such as kitchen sets, blankets, etc.
Activities will be implemented in Afar, Amhara, Benishangul-Gumuz, Tigray, Oromia and Somali. Local implementing Partner: Ethiopian Red Cross.
- Support in the form of cash and voucher assistance, where appropriate;
- Provision / donation of seeds (sorghum, beans, maize, wheat, etc.) as well as tools;
- Provision of agricultural cooperatives with supplies and financial / technical support to produce seeds for their communities;
- Provide cash for covering essential needs, and/or setting up small businesses for returnee households with limited earnings;
- Donate essential items, such as, but not limited to blankets, cooking sets, sleeping mats, soap, jerrycans, etc.
Ethiopia has experienced rising political and ethnic tensions that have boiled over in many areas of the country. The regions of most concern are currently Oromia, where armed violence between government and armed insurgence has escalated, and Tigray, which has seen extensive fighting since November 2020. The latter has led to a humanitarian crisis with around a million people affected and over 800.000 fleeing to neighbouring countries, particularly Eritrea, Somalia and South Sudan.
The current fighting disrupts the sources of food or livelihood of residents, returnees and IDPs. The fighting has also disrupted harvest, and restrictions by Covid-19 pandemic have massively affected the economy. This led to a rise in food prices to levels of beyond the reach of many people. The water systems are damaged due to the fighting. Health facilities are overwhelmed by influxes of wounded patients and IDPs while also having to deal with COVID-19, making the situation even more difficult. Many people have lost contact with their families because of the hostilities or because of migration. Children who have become separated from their families are particularly vulnerable to sexual violence, forced recruitment and other abuses.