Contribution to the ICRC South Sudan Appeal 2018
Basic needs regarding food/nutrition and access to water and sanitation facilities of vulnerable people affected by conflict and/or other situations of violence in South Sudan are covered.
The ICRC aims to achieve amongst others, the following main targets per Assistance sub-Programme in South Sudan for 2018:
- Dietary and other basic needs gap for 1’467’220 vulnerable people, including IDPs, returnees and residents reduced
- Access to safe water supply for 235’000 people established
With a contribution of EUR 500'000, the ICRC will be able to reach the following results:
- Dietary and other basic needs situation of 9'800 vulnerable people, including female headed households is improved.
- Access to safe water for 5'000 people is restored.
Acitivities of the entire ICRC South Sudan Operation include:
- distribute food rations, enough for one month, to around 486,000 IDPs and residents – including people in remote, hard-to-reach areas – and household essentials to up to 216,000 people
- provide up to 36,000 households with fishing kits
- distribute seed and farming tools to up to 60,000 households
- repair or build water-supply systems serving some 100,000 residents and IDPs in urban areas, and around 50,000 people in rural areas; provide training and material assistance to technicians and local authorities
- install water and sanitation facilities, donate water-treatment chemicals and promote proper sanitation practices, for the benefit of some 35,000 people.
Tensions related to the political and security situation persist despite the establishment of a unity government in April 2016, in line with a peace agreement between the parties to the non-international armed conflict that began in 2013. Clashes are still taking place between government troops and opposition forces throughout the country; some have occurred in previously stable areas.
Scarcity of resources, and ethnic and communal tensions, often lead to violent clashes between armed groups throughout the country. During the rainy season most roads are impassable and cholera and other diseases are a major threat, particularly in areas affected by armed conflict or other violence.
Owing to conflict and other violence, nearly 4 million people have reportedly been displaced; of these, 2 million are taking refuge in neighbouring countries. Among those displaced within the country, around 200,000 are staying in camps and at the "protection of civilians" sites run by the UN Mission in South Sudan. Many IDPs and residents live in remote areas. People there face difficulties finding and producing food, and, because access to water and health care is also problematic,are often at risk of malnutrition and disease.