Contribution to the ICRC Syria Appeal 2018
Vulnerable people affected by conflict and/or other situations of violence in Syria are able to meet their basic needs, notably regarding food/nutrition, access to water and sanitation facilities, and access to quality health-care services.
The ICRC aims to achieve the following main targets per Assistance sub-programme for 2018:
- 4’473’000 vulnerable people, including IDPs, returnees and residents, can cover part of their dietary needs to help ease their situation
- 12’000’000 people have access to safe water supply
- 13’064’000 wounded and sick are able to obtain, if needed, appropriate treatment and services at hospitals supported by the ICRC
With the Austrian contribution of EUR 2'000'000, the ICRC will be able to reach the following results:
- 64'500 vulnerable people, including female headed households, cover part of their dietary needs
- 173'000 people have access to safe water supply
- 188'000 wounded, and sick - including victims of sexual violence and other abuses - can obtain appropriate health services if needed.
Target groups of the ICRC appeal under the Assistance section are:
• Civilians (People, who do not take part in fighting, including IDPs, returnees and vulnerable residents)
Other target groups of the ICRC Appeal for Syria are:
• Detainees (people, who are deprived of their freedom and are held by the Syrian Government or armed groups)
• Actors of influence (e.g parties to the conflict, religious leaders)
• Syrian Arab Red Crescent Society (SARC)
The ICRC implements the program in close cooperation with the Syrian Arab Red Crescent Society (SARC).
The ICRC has its main delegation in Damascus, and ICRC offices in Homs, Tartus and Aleppo. The targeted provinces of ICRC include Al-Sweida, Dara’a, Damascus, Homs, Tartus, Hama, Idleb and Aleppo.
Activities of the total assistance sub-programm include:
? (on a monthly basis) distribute food parcels and donate hygiene parcels, school kits, winter clothes and other essentials to IDPs and returnees
? Provide up to 500 breadwinners – who are supporting 2500 people in all, with grants to start small businesses
? Donate seed and tools to around 25’000 heads of farming households (125’000 people in all) .
Water and Habitat:
• provide various local service providers with chemicals, spare parts and training for operating and maintaining water and sewage treatment plants serving up to 6,000,000 IDPs, residents and returnees
• work with these providers, including water and sewage boards, to implement specific projects for some of the beneficiaries mentioned above; in particular:
- upgrade water, waste-management and electrical systems and other communal infrastructure serving some 2,500,000 people
- to benefit some 60,000 IDPs and returnees, repair houses, shelters, water and sanitation facilities, and electrical systems, and organize water-trucking services
- renovate irrigation systems, bakeries and other infrastructure for producing or processing food that serve up to 500,000 people
- conduct vector-control activities and hygiene-promotion sessions in IDP camps
- during emergencies, repair water and waste-water installations, power lines and shelters
• upgrade water, waste-management and electrical infrastructure at up to 25 primary-health-care facilities (573 consultations daily per centre).
• provide medical supplies and equipment, staff training and financial assistance for up to 23 National Society fixed and mobile health units; distribute ad hoc material assistance to up to 12 other clinics
• organize training in treating non-communicable diseases, including diabetes, for doctors from up to ten primary-health-care facilities run by the health ministry in the Damascus region; donate essential drugs and medical equipment to these facilities
• hold information campaigns on preventing the spread of communicable diseases, such as leishmaniasis and cholera, for some 115,000 community members; alongside, provide them with bed nets
• be ready to distribute material assistance to health facilities during emergencies
In the Syrian Arab Republic, the armed conflict between government forces and numerous armed groups continues, as does fighting among these factions. Government forces and third-party States also continue to carry out and/or support operations against the Islamic State group. Its military operations, combined with ceasefire agreements in certain areas, has enabled the government to regain control over some opposition-held parts of the country. In May, the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation and Turkey agreed to establish four “de-escalation zones” in key locations; and in July, the Russian Federation and the United States of America, together with Jordan, put in place a ceasefire in the south of the country. These efforts contributed to the reduction of violence in some governorates, although fighting persisted in several areas. The protracted violence continues to cause casualties and widespread destruction of essential facilities. The country’s economy, infrastructure and basic services are deteriorating under the weight of international sanctions. Arrests in connection with the conflict have continued under the authority of the Syrian government. Armed groups are reportedly holding people in relation to the hostilities. Internationally backed peace talks have made little progress in effecting a political solution to the crisis.