Contribution to the ICRC Venezuela Appeal 2020
Civilians in Venezuela affected by violence are respected and protected in accordance with applicable international norms and humanitarian principles. They are able to meet their basic needs, including food, water, sanitation, livelihoods, health and safety.
In total, the ICRC aims to achieve the following results per Assistance sub-programme for 2020:
• Food consumption and production for 6,300 people improved
• Living conditions for 20,500 people improved
• Vocational capacity of 3,400 people increased
• Access to water for 257,600 people improved
• Institutional water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and shelter infrastructure for 2,775 in-patients repaired or upgraded
• 35 health centers supported
With a contribution of EUR 1 million, the ICRC will be able to reach the following results for a total of 32,400 people:
• Improved living conditions of 2,400 people by providing (financial- or in-kind support) food, household items and supporting community services.
• WASH and Shelter improvements benefitting 30,000 people enhanced through the repair and upgrade of relevant infrastructure (e.g. water points and systems, hospital infrastructure, etc.)
The ICRC works closely with the Venezuelan Red Cross Arab Red Crescent and carries out its program in Caracas, San Cristobal and Puerto Ordaz.
With respect to the target group of the Austrian support, the activities that will be carried out with the contribution include among others (though are not exclusive to-):
• Provision of canteens and other facilities with material for preparing meals as well as supplementing cash to people for food procurements
• Provision of material and financial support for community services as well as provision of cash for buying essential household items;
• Repair of water systems that are damaged and/or out of service with authorities;
• Organization and provision of vocational trainings
The Bolivian Republic of Venezuela (hereafter Venezuela) has long suffered from violence in densely populated cities, the country’s resource rich areas and border regions to Colombia, Brazil and Guyana. Over recent years the situation has been exacerbated by a deteriorating economy that is marked by hyperinflation, shortage of essential goods, lack of water and health-care services and overall declining livelihoods in rural and urban areas alike. This situation was accompanied by increasing political tensions and civil unrest, with large-scale demonstrations sometimes leading to casualties and arrests, with the military working alongside the police. Due to the living and safety conditions in the country, people have turned to looking for a better life and economic opportunities in the border regions or other countries, leading to regional migration movements.
The ICRC has been active in the country since the 1966 and currently focuses on responding to needs of people on the move in the region. Among others it provides support to detainees and engages in dialogue with authorities on issues related to migration and detention. It reinforces National Society capacities and supports the incorporation of internatinal humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law in military and police procedures, respectively. Furthermore, the ICRC’s core competencies include support for key public infrastructure, be it health structures, water and sanitation systems or shelter – as well as relevant assistance in service proliferation.